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Archive for the 'History' Category

Match Reports and Player Match Logs Now Complete for MLS History

8th November 2019

Major League Soccer's first season was in 1996, and since then the league has expanded to 24 teams playing in this 2019 season, and has the Seattle Sounders and Toronto FC preparing to face off in the MLS Cup on November 10. (Editor's note: congratulations to the Sounders on their 3-1 victory and the 2019 MLS title!) With that, FBref is happy to announce that we now have match reports and player match logs available for the league's entire history.

The first MLS Cup was held on October 20, 1996, where DC United defeated LA Galaxy 3-2 in extra time. Our reports include substitutions, cards issued, time played, goals, assists and missed penalty kicks.

With the addition of match reports comes having match logs for all players in MLS history. Carlos Ruiz had an amazing debut MLS season in 2002 for the LA Galaxy, leading the league with 24 regular season goals. Ruiz's 2002 match log shows you quickly that he scored in each of his first 4 games of the season. We also have his postseason logs, which included 3 multi-goal games en route to Los Angeles' MLS Cup victory over New England that season.

We want to give a big thanks to SportDirect, Howard Hamilton and Jay Hutchinson for their work and research done for this particular project. FBref will continue to expand its historical offerings for the various leagues we currently cover. You can keep up with the latest additions of competitions coverage and new features here on the Sports Reference Blog, or by signing up for the This Week in Sports Reference mailing list. Feel free to send us any questions or suggestions through our feedback form or FBref's official Twitter account.

Posted in Announcement, Data, FBref, Features, History | 2 Comments »

Two of the “Lost” 1983-84 Box Scores Completed

10th October 2019

And then there were five...

Earlier this year when we announced that we'd filled in the final pieces of missing information for our 1984-85 NBA Box Scores, we also printed a list of seven games from the 1983-84 season that were missing bits of info here and there, such as offensive rebounds or turnovers.

We're happy to announce that we've completed two of these games:

The Bulls against the Jazz on November 23, 1983 in Las Vegas. Ostensibly because it was played in a neutral location where newspaper coverage was lacking, full statistical details on this game have never appeared in the public sphere...until now. We would like to thank Kristen Deahl, Matt Scull and Will Weaver with the Chicago Bulls for their assistance in adding this. Thanks to their help, we hope to soon have full box score details on every game in Bulls history up on the site.

The Celtics against the Knicks on March 22, 1984 at Madison Square Garden. Thank you to researcher extraordinaire Sean Burrill for finding the missing details on this game.

As a reminder, we have a box scores with player points, FGM and FTM for every game in NBA history, but we are sometimes missing other categories (especially blocks, steals and turnovers) for games played in 1983-84 and earlier. If you're curious for a more detailed look at our game-by-game statistical coverage, please check out our coverage map here.

If you have further details on any games we're missing any stats for, please let us know.

Posted in Announcement,, Data, History | No Comments »

Basketball-Reference Adds Quarterly/Half Boxes

1st October 2019

To complement our box scores, Basketball Reference has added a feature that allows you to see the stats in a particular quarter or half for all boxes back to the 1996-97 season. Examples of famous quarters and halves that you can now more easily see context for include:

* Klay Thompson's 37-point 3rd quarter against the Kings on January 23, 2015.
* That time the Mavericks only managed to score 2 points in the 3rd quarter of their April 6, 1997 meeting with the Lakers.
* Dikembe Mutombo racking up 8 blocks in the 3rd quarter against the Bulls on December 1, 2001.
* Chandler Parsons going 10-11 from the 3-point line in the 2nd half on January 24, 2014.
* Clyde Drexler getting 8 steals in the 2nd half against the Kings on November 1, 1996.

If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to contact us through our feedback form.

Posted in Announcement,, Features, History, Tips and Tricks | 2 Comments »

Playoff Series Historical Odds Added to Basketball Reference

12th June 2019

Basketball Reference recently made an addition of preseason championship odds and win total over/unders that you can read about in a previous blog entry. The site has now also added playoff series odds where available back to 1988, which can be viewed on Basketball Reference's Playoff Series History index. The odds are taken from before the start of the series.

This postseason, you can see the Golden State Warriors were -15000 favorites over the Los Angeles Clippers in the first round, the heaviest favorites in a playoff series since the 2016 San Antonio Spurs' first round matchup with the Memphis Grizzlies. As for the 2017 Warriors, they were the second-biggest favorites in an NBA Finals, only trailing the 2001 Los Angeles Lakers, who were -2000 favorites over the Philadelphia 76ers.

Thanks to for providing us with the historical data for this addition. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to contact us through our feedback form.

Posted in Announcement,, Data, History, Playoffs | Comments Off on Playoff Series Historical Odds Added to Basketball Reference

CFB-Reference’s School Streak Finder Adds Scoring Margin Criteria

10th May 2019

One of the tools available in the Play Index section of College Football at is the School Streak Finder, which is able to search schools' game results all the way back to 1869 as long as they were classified as a major school. The School Streak Finder could search for longest overall winning streaks or most consecutive games allowing 28 points or more. Now, we have added scoring margin as a searchable criteria in this tool.

One streak that was making the rounds last season was Alabama's 12-game streak of beating their opponents by 20 points or more. As it turns out, that was the longest such streak in over 100 years. The absolute longest streak remains Michigan, who won 17 consecutive games by 20 points or more from 1901 to 1902. In the opposite direction, did you know that Florida International has the longest streak of losses by double-digits in history, losing 14 consecutive games by 10 points or more from 2006 to 2007?

If you have any questions or suggestions about this feature or other parts of the site, feel free to contact us through our feedback form.

Posted in Announcement, CFB at Sports Reference, History, Play Index | Comments Off on CFB-Reference’s School Streak Finder Adds Scoring Margin Criteria

Basketball-Reference Individual Career Playoff Game Logs

7th May 2019

Basketball-Reference has individual game logs for all of NBA playoff history. Previously, if you wanted to see a player's performance in the postseason, you would need to choose a specific season's game logs to see their game logs in that particular playoff run. But now, we have added a Career Playoffs section that will list all playoff game logs in the player's career on a single page. The Career Playoffs section, in addition to having the same game log information you'd find in the yearly pages, also includes the playoff round and game number of the series for each line.

Here are links to some examples of Career Playoffs game log pages:

If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to contact us through our feedback form.

Posted in Announcement,, Features, History, Playoffs | 1 Comment »

Basketball-Reference Adds League Leaderboard Appearances to Team Pages

7th May 2019

Basketball-Reference has added a section to team pages that displays what players on the team finished in the top 20 of league leaderboards in various statistical categories. This section is found near the bottom of team pages, and is useful if you want a quick view of which players on the team were best in the league in a certain field. For example, the 2018-19 Golden State Warriors section will show you Kevin Durant and Stephen Curry's appearances on many leaderboards, with cameos from Klay Thompson, Draymond Green and Kevon Looney. A more stark example of a single-player dominated team would be the 2002-03 Minnesota Timberwolves, where Kevin Garnett was the lone Timberwolves player to appear in the top 10's of most of the league leaderboards, aside from stray appearances by Rasho Nesterovic and Troy Hudson.

Keep an eye on our Sports Reference Blog for more announcements of added features to Basketball-Reference! If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to contact us through our feedback form.

Posted in Announcement,, Features, History, Leaders | Comments Off on Basketball-Reference Adds League Leaderboard Appearances to Team Pages

PFR Adds Preseason Over/Unders and Super Bowl Odds

6th May 2019

Pro-Football-Reference has added preseason Super Bowl odds back to 1977, as well as preseason over/unders on win totals back to 1989. This information can be found on a team's season page in their information profile. For example, you can go to the 2011 Eagles page and quickly spot they were +800 to win the Super Bowl before the season, and that the over/under for their win total was set at 10.5. (They would go on to finish under that year.)

You can also see the preseason Super Bowl odds and over/unders for all teams in a season by going to a league season page, and then following the Preseason Odds link located in the Other tab. Here's a link to the 2018 odds table, where you can spot the Super Bowl-winning Patriots having the best odds before the season and the highest-set over/under (which they pushed on).

One question that can be answered with this information is: who were the unlikeliest Super Bowl winners based on these preseason odds? Here's a look at the top 10 longest odds since 1977.

RAM 1999 +15000
NWE 2001 +6000
SFO 1981 +5000
PHI 2017 +4000
RAI 1980 +3500
WAS 1982 +3500
NYG 2007 +3000
RAV 2000 +2200
NYG 2011 +2200
NOR 2009 +2000

Also, here's a look at the teams since 1989 that outperformed their preseason over/unders the most.

O/U Wins Over by
RAM 1999 5.5 13 7.5
SDG 2004 4.5 12 7.5
PIT 2004 7.5 15 7.5
ATL 1998 7 14 7
MIN 1998 8.5 15 6.5
CLT 1999 6.5 13 6.5
ATL 2008 4.5 11 6.5
CAR 1996 5.5 12 6.5
CAR 2015 8.5 15 6.5
CHI 2001 7 13 6

A special thanks to for contributing to this addition to our site. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to contact us through our feedback form. Also, please keep your eyes peeled for similar content coming to our other sites in the future.

Posted in Announcement, Features, History,, Super Bowl, Trivia | 1 Comment » Adds Comprehensive Women’s World Cup and Women’s Club Data

11th April 2019

We are pleased to release what we believe is one of the most complete sources for women's soccer data on the internet.

Women's World Cup

FBref now has pages for every player and team in Women's World Cup history. From the 1991 World Cup in China to the 2015 World Cup in Canada.

Every player from Carli Lloyd to Homare Sawa to Marta has complete World Cup results.

This work was done in partnership with the Grinnell College Data Analysis and Social Inquiry Lab (thank you especially to LaAnna Farnelli, Jarren Santos, Katherine Walden, and Dr. Xavi Escandell) and soccer researcher Aaron Nielsen. Thanks also to members of our staff who helped with this project: Jaclyn Mahoney, Jay Hutchinson, Alex Bonilla, and Dan Hirsch.

As part of this initial foray into international football data, we also have 2016 Olympic Women's Soccer results.

Women's Club Soccer

Our coverage of women's soccer does not start and stop just with the Women's World Cup every four years. We are covering women's soccer for the other three years and eleven months as well. We intend to be your first choice for women's club data, so we are also launching extensive club data for over 20 league seasons. Partnering with our data provider, Data Sports Group, we have added coverage for eight national women's leagues along with data for up to three seasons. These leagues are:

We also have statistics for the last three seasons of the UEFA Women's Champions League.

Daily Updates and Match Reports

The best part is that we'll be updating club and World Cup results on a daily basis during the World Cup, and also every day of the club season. We want you to rely on us for your women's football needs.

In the next three to four weeks, we will also be launching our match reports, fixture lists, and much more across all of the leagues and competitions we cover.

World Cup Newsletter

Beginning this spring, our Stathead News arm will publish a daily newsletter leading up to and during the Women's World Cup. We'll include the schedules, match results, and interesting news and tidbits relating to each day's matches. Sign up now and don't miss an issue. No obligation and we promise it is easy to unsubscribe.

Using our Data

If you are a writer, blogger, or podcaster, we would love to talk with you about ways you might use our data in stories, visualizations or reporting around this summer's matches in France. Also feel free to let us know if you have questions, comments, suggestions, or find errors or issues with the site. We promise to get better every day and your feedback helps immensely with that.

Promoting Your Work

Also, you can promote your writing on our site for free using our Linker program. With one click of a bookmarklet you add to your browser, the first incidence of a player name will be linked to her page on If you alert us that you intend to use the linker, we will monitor your RSS feed daily, and we will then link back to your article from the player's page driving traffic to your site.

Do You Have Data?

We would love to talk with you about ways we might incorporate your data into our site. Our goal is to become a public repository of all things world football. It's a big world out there, so help is always appreciated. We take the public and freely available presentation of data very seriously.


Our site is not just available in English. We also have versions in:

We look forward to supporting and following women's soccer with you, and we hope you visit us often to check in on your favorite athletes and teams.

Posted in Announcement, FBref, Features, General, History | 1 Comment »

Old Hoss Radbourn: 59 or 60 Wins?

10th April 2019

Keen-eyed Baseball-Reference users have written us asking about an update made to the statistics of Hall of Fame pitcher Old Hoss Radbourn. In the past, we had displayed Radbourn with 59 wins in his 1884 season with Providence. However, in a recent update, Radbourn has been bumped up to 60 wins.

Before we delve into what the correct number is, let's zoom out a bit, first. It will probably surprise most baseball fans to discover that there was no league-mandated rule in place for assigning wins and losses before 1950. Wins were awarded, but they were entirely up to the discretion of the official scorer. Compounding this issue is the fact that while the leagues tracked pitcher wins for much of the Deadball Era, they made many errors, and even briefly stopped officially counting pitcher wins and losses for a few years in the 1910s as ERA was first gaining popularity. A SABR member named Frank Williams meticulously corrected the record, and his research formed the basis for the accepted totals you see today.

Williams unveiled his groundbreaking work in 1982 with the article All the Record Books Are Wrong. I'd encourage you to read the article at that link (and thank you to John Thorn for re-posting it in its entirety).

Williams was the original source for the 59 wins attributed to Radbourn in 1884. He arrived at this number by determining what practices were used at the time to determine pitcher wins and losses. Earlier record books had retroactively applied the 1950 rule to Radbourn's era and given him 60 wins as a result. However, it was discovered by Frederick Ivor-Campbell that this was done in error and that one of his 1884 wins (on July 28) should have actually been credited to his teammate Cyclone Miller.

Miller was indeed the correct winner if you applied the 1950 rule, since he pitched 5 innings and left with a lead. However, Radbourn pitched 4 shutout innings and was more effective. Practice in the 1880s allowed for the more effective pitcher to be deemed the winning pitcher, per Pete Palmer. While Williams originally concluded that Miller was the correct winner of this game (giving him 59 wins on the season), he has recently concluded that using practices of the time Radbourn is the correct winner, and therefore has 60 wins in 1884.

Ironically, we end up back at the original 60 wins attributed to Radbourn's 1884 season all the way back in 1920, but hopefully we've learned a good deal along this path. We hope this serves as a reminder how valuable the research done by SABR members is.

In conclusion, we are now showing that Old Hoss Radbourn was credited with 60 wins in his 1884 season.

Posted in, History, Statgeekery | 7 Comments »