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Swimming at the 2012 London Summer Games

2012 Summer Games: Previous Summer Games ▪ Next Summer Games


Host City: London, Great Britain
Date Started: July 28, 2012
Date Finished: August 4, 2012
Events: 34

Participants: 931 (481 men and 450 women) from 167 countries
Youngest Participant: TOG Adzo Kpossi (13 years, 191 days)
Oldest Participant: SWE Lars Frölander (38 years, 69 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): USA Michael Phelps (6 medals)
Most Medals (Country): USA United States (31 medals)


Swimming was held at the newly constructed Aquatics Centre in the Olympic Park, although the open water swims were held in at The Serpentine, the eastern part of a lake in Hyde Park. The sport was again highlighted by the presence of [Michael Phelps], who had won eight gold medals at the Beijing Olympics, and came to London having won 16 medals in all. He was not quite as dominant in London, winning six medals, and four gold medals, but this brought his overall totals to 22 medals and 14 golds, both all-time Olympic records. There was no change to the swimming program since the 2008 Olympics, with men and women both contesting 17 events, 16 in the pool and the open-water swim.

The United States was the dominant nation, winning 16 of 34 gold medals, and 31 medals in all. Phelps won the most medals by any swimmer, while on the women’s side, Americans [Missy Franklin] and [Allison Schmitt] won five medals, with Franklin winning four golds and Schmitt three. In the men’s open-water swim Tunisia’s [Ousmane Mellouli] won the gold medal. He also won a bronze medal in the pool in the 1,500 freestyle, an event he had won in 2008, making him the first swimmer to win gold medals both in the pool and open-water events.

Multiple world records were set in London swimming, which reversed the trend of the last few years. Beijing had seen the world record list assaulted as swimmers used skinsuits made from new fabrics and which greatly decreased drag in the water. These were banned after the 2008 Olympics and with the return to what are termed textile suits, world records had been dearly sought since 2008. But the level of competition and the hyper-fast London pool contributed to numerous changes in the world lists.


Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 50 metres Freestyle FRA Florent Manaudou USA Cullen Jones BRA César Cielo Filho
Men's 100 metres Freestyle USA Nathan Adrian AUS James Magnussen CAN Brent Hayden
Men's 200 metres Freestyle FRA Yannick Agnel KOR Park Tae-Hwan
CHN Sun Yang
Men's 400 metres Freestyle CHN Sun Yang KOR Park Tae-Hwan USA Peter Vanderkaay
Men's 1,500 metres Freestyle CHN Sun Yang CAN Ryan Cochrane TUN Oussama Mellouli
Men's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay FRA France USA United States RUS Russia
Men's 4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay USA United States FRA France CHN China
Men's 100 metres Backstroke USA Matt Grevers USA Nick Thoman JPN Ryosuke Irie
Men's 200 metres Backstroke USA Tyler Clary JPN Ryosuke Irie USA Ryan Lochte
Men's 100 metres Breaststroke RSA Cameron van der Burgh AUS Christian Sprenger USA Brendan Hansen
Men's 200 metres Breaststroke HUN Dániel Gyurta GBR Michael Jamieson JPN Ryo Tateishi
Men's 100 metres Butterfly USA Michael Phelps RUS Yevgeny Korotyshkin
RSA Chad le Clos
Men's 200 metres Butterfly RSA Chad le Clos USA Michael Phelps JPN Takeshi Matsuda
Men's 200 metres Individual Medley USA Michael Phelps USA Ryan Lochte HUN László Cseh
Men's 400 metres Individual Medley USA Ryan Lochte BRA Thiago Pereira JPN Kosuke Hagino
Men's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay USA United States JPN Japan AUS Australia
Men's 10 kilometres Open Water TUN Oussama Mellouli GER Thomas Lurz CAN Richard Weinberger
Women's 50 metres Freestyle NED Ranomi Kromowidjojo BLR Aleksandra Gerasimenya NED Marleen Veldhuis
Women's 100 metres Freestyle NED Ranomi Kromowidjojo BLR Aleksandra Gerasimenya CHN Tang Yi
Women's 200 metres Freestyle USA Allison Schmitt FRA Camille Muffat AUS Bronte Barratt
Women's 400 metres Freestyle FRA Camille Muffat USA Allison Schmitt GBR Becky Adlington
Women's 800 metres Freestyle USA Katie Ledecky ESP Mireia Belmonte GBR Becky Adlington
Women's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay AUS Australia NED Netherlands USA United States
Women's 4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay USA United States AUS Australia FRA France
Women's 100 metres Backstroke USA Missy Franklin AUS Emily Seebohm JPN Aya Terakawa
Women's 200 metres Backstroke USA Missy Franklin RUS Anastasiya Zuyeva-Fesikova USA Elizabeth Beisel
Women's 100 metres Breaststroke LTU RÅ«ta Meilutytė USA Rebecca Soni JPN Satomi Suzuki
Women's 200 metres Breaststroke USA Rebecca Soni JPN Satomi Suzuki RUS Yuliya Yefimova
Women's 100 metres Butterfly USA Dana Vollmer CHN Lu Ying AUS Alicia Coutts
Women's 200 metres Butterfly CHN Jiao Liuyang ESP Mireia Belmonte JPN Natsumi Hoshi
Women's 200 metres Individual Medley CHN Ye Shiwen AUS Alicia Coutts USA Caitlin Leverenz
Women's 400 metres Individual Medley CHN Ye Shiwen USA Elizabeth Beisel CHN Li Xuanxu
Women's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay USA United States AUS Australia JPN Japan
Women's 10 kilometres Open Water HUN Ã‰va Risztov USA Haley Anderson ITA Martina Grimaldi