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Equestrianism at the 1988 Seoul Summer Games:

Mixed Three-Day Event, Individual

Equestrianism at the 1988 Summer Games: Previous Summer Games ▪ Next Summer Games


Host City: Seoul, South Korea
Venue(s): Seoul Equestrian Park, Gwacheon; Wondang Ranch, Goyang
Date Started: September 19, 1988
Date Finished: September 22, 1988
Format: Dressage, cross-country, and jumping.

Gold: NZL Mark Todd
Silver: GBR Ian Stark
Bronze: GBR Virginia Holgate-Leng


The endurance course was designed by Hugh Thomas. It was held at Wondang Ranch, 43 km north of Kwachon, which was a hilly terrain and after inspection, six of the obstacles had to be lowered and the first element of #27 was removed. The four phases measured a total of 26,761 metres in length.

There was no clear favorite in 1988, as the big three competitions, Burghley, Badminton, and Rolex (Kentucky) had been won by several different riders in the last few years. However the defending champion was New Zealander [Mark Todd] and he had won at the Burghley Horse Trials in 1987, and [Virginia Leng] was the reigning World and European Champion. Todd opened up with the best score in the dressage phase, and in the endurance competition, he and his teammate [Tinks Pottinger] both had perfect rides, with no faults. Todd went into the jumping with a comfortable lead over British riders Virginia Leng and [Ian Stark]. Unusually, for someone who won the endurance phase, Pottinger was well back, in seventh place, because of a poor performance in dressage – she was only 23rd. Todd secured his gold medal with a safe ride, with only one fault. Seven riders went clean in the jumping, including Stark and Pottinger. This moved Stark ahead of Leng for the silver medal, while Pottinger, due to her difficulties in dressage, could only place fifth. Todd became the second eventing rider to defend his individual gold medal, after Dutch rider [Charles Pahud de Mortanges] in 1928 and 1932.

View a Phase of this EventFinal StandingsDressageCross-Country2nd Phase SummaryJumping

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Horse Medal PTS
1 Mark Todd 32 New Zealand NZL Charisma Gold -42.60
2 Ian Stark 34 Great Britain GBR Sir Wattie Silver -52.80
3 Virginia Holgate-Leng 33 Great Britain GBR Master Craftsman Bronze -62.00
4 Claus Erhorn 29 West Germany FRG Justyn Thyme -62.35
5 Tinks Pottinger 32 New Zealand NZL Volunteer -65.80
6 Matthias Baumann 25 West Germany FRG Shamrock II -68.80
7 Jean Teulère 34 France FRA Mohican V -69.00
8 Andrew Hoy 29 Australia AUS Kiwi -89.00
9 Thies Kaspareit 24 West Germany FRG Sherry 42 -94.80
10 Phyllis Dawson 31 United States USA Albany II -99.60
11 Bartolo Ambrosione 29 Italy ITA Phoenix -107.90
12 Bogusław Jarecki 30 Poland POL Niewiaza -111.40
13 Krzysztof Rogowski 25 Poland POL Alkierz -114.80
14 Nick Holmes-Smith 29 Canada CAN Espionage -117.40
15 Santiago de la Rocha 36 Spain ESP Kinvarra -121.00
16 David Foster 33 Ireland IRL Killiney Bay -122.70
17 Choi Myeong-Jin 32 South Korea KOR Snuffler -130.55
18 Bruce Davidson 38 United States USA Dr. Peaches -141.80
19 Karen Straker-Dixon 24 Great Britain GBR Get Smart -142.00
20 Andrew Bennie 32 New Zealand NZL Grayshott -162.80
21 Krzysztof Rafalak 32 Poland POL Dzwinograd -163.40
22 Francesco Girardi 21 Italy ITA Moreado -166.35
23 Scott Keach 23 Australia AUS Trade Commissioner -176.60
24 David Green 28 Australia AUS Shannagh -192.00
25 Barry Roycroft 44 Australia AUS Last Tango -195.80
26 Eiki Miyazaki 33 Japan JPN Scrooge -201.60
27 Vincent Berthet 28 France FRA Jet Crub -202.20
28 Park Dong-Ju 25 South Korea KOR Aqaba Legend A -227.00
29 Pascal Morvillers 32 France FRA Frangin III -227.60
30 Marie-Christine Duroy 31 France FRA Harley -233.80
31 Peter Gray 30 Bermuda BER Somers -240.70
32 Ramón Beca 35 Spain ESP Count De Bolebec -272.80
33 Eugeniusz Koczorski 31 Poland POL Idrys -277.30
34 Park So-Un 21 South Korea KOR Moisson d'Avril -382.60
35 Eric Brodnax 24 United States Virgin Islands ISV Marcellus -417.80
36 Kazuhiro Iwatani 24 Japan JPN Copen Hagen V -517.25
AC Ralf Ehrenbrink 28 West Germany FRG Uncle Todd DNF
AC Dino Costantini 47 Italy ITA Boardmans Beauty DNF
AC Marges Knighton 33 New Zealand NZL Enterprise DNF
AC Ann Sutton 29 United States USA Tarzan DNF
AC Thomas Wilson 26 Puerto Rico PUR Personal Touch DNF
AC Karen Lende O'Connor 30 United States USA The Optimist DNF
AC Hiroshi Watanabe 41 Japan JPN Yakumo Masonori DNF
AC Jo Tudor 28 Canada CAN Sparrow Hawk DNF
AC Mark Phillips 39 Great Britain GBR Cartier DNF
AC John Watson 36 Ireland IRL Tullineaskey DNF
AC Carol Ann Blackman 40 Bermuda BER Sneak Preview DNF
AC Hisashi Wakahara 43 Japan JPN Lord Waterford DNF
AC Ranieri Campello 25 Italy ITA Cotton End DNF
AC Kim Hyeong-Chil 29 South Korea KOR Casson Road DNF