Host City: Seoul, South Korea
Venue(s): Velodrome, Olympic Park, Seoul
Date Started: September 21, 1988
Date Finished: September 24, 1988
Format: 1,000 metres.
This was the first track cycling event for women at the Olympics. Women had contested the match sprint at the World Championships since 1958, and a number of outstanding women cyclists never had the opportunity to compete at the Olympics. Notable among these were Galina Yermolayeva (URS), six-time World Champion, who won 14 medals in the event between 1958-73; American [Sheila Young], Olympic speed skating champion who was World Champion in 1973, 1976, and 1981; and Soviet Galina Tsareva, World Champion from 1977-79.
Coming into Seoul, the three dominant female sprinters of the 80s had been American [Connie Paraskevin-Young], sister-in-law of Sheila Young and World Champion in 1982-84, and again in 1990; Soviet/Estonian sprinter [Erika SalumÃ¤e], World Champion in 1987 and again in 1989; and [Christa Luding-Rothenburger], East German World Champion in 1986 and runner-up to Salumae in 1987. Both Paraskevin-Young and Luding-Rothenburger had competed at the Olympics in speed skating â Paraskevin-Young in 1984, while Luding-Rothenburger had competed in speed skating in both 1984 and 1988, and won a gold medal in the 1,000 metres in 1988. In the end, the three favorites would win the medals. In the first semi, SalumÃ¤e defeated Paraskevin-Young in two straight races. Luding-Rothenburger had more trouble in her semi, needing three races to get past Franceâs [Isabelle Gautheron]. With that victory, Luding-Rothenburger made Olympic history, guaranteeing she would become the first woman to win medals in both the Winter and Summer Olympics. The final went to SalumÃ¤e in three races, after Luding-Rothenburger had won the first race. SalumÃ¤e would return in 1992 to defend her title, then representing Estonia, a historic victory for her renascent nation.
|1||Erika SalumÃ¤e||26||Soviet Union||URS||Gold|
|2||Christa Rothenburger-Luding||28||East Germany||GDR||Silver|
|3||Connie Paraskevin-Young||27||United States||USA||Bronze|
|7||Louise Jones||25||Great Britain||GBR|
|8||Yang Hsiu-Chen||20||Chinese Taipei||TPE|
|2 h1 r2/5||Beth Tabor||24||Canada||CAN|
|2 h2 r2/5||Seiko Hashimoto||23||Japan||JPN|
|2 h3 r2/5||Elisabetta Fanton||19||Italy||ITA|
|2 h4 r2/5||Kim Jin-Yeong||18||South Korea||KOR|