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Swimming at the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Games:

Women's 200 metres Individual Medley

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Host City: Los Angeles, United States
Venue(s): Olympic Swim Stadium, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California
Date Started: August 3, 1984
Date Finished: August 3, 1984

Gold: USA Tracy Caulkins
Silver: USA Nancy Hogshead
Bronze: AUS Michelle Pearson


As far back as 1978 [Tracy Caulkins] was the best swimmer in the world, being named that year World Swimmer of the Year. She was also American Swimmer of the year in 1980-82, and had been crushed by the 1980 Moscow boycott. In 1978 she had won both the 200 and 400 IM at the World Championships, but in 1982 had trailed in third in both races at the Worlds, as both were won by East German [Petra Schneider], who had broken Caulkins’ world marks in 1980. Five days before this race Caulkins had won gold in the 400 IM.

The 200 IM final was the final race of Tracy Caulkins’ vaunted career. She was close to her old self, winning by 2½ seconds over teammate [Nancy Hogshead], with Australians finishing 3-4, with [Michele Pearson] taking bronze, followed by [Lisa Curry]. Caulkins’ time of 2:12.64 was the fourth fastest performance ever, although three weeks later East German [Ute Geweniger] won the Friendship Games in 2:11.79, close to her world record of 2:11.73, set in 1981.

Caulkins never competed again, as Swimming World noted, “The woman many consider to be the greatest female swimmer in history had left the pool.” She married Australian swimmer [Mark Stockwell], who she met in Los Angeles, and they settled in Australia. Nancy Hogshead also retired after Los Angeles. The Duke University grad attended law school, and later became an outspoken proponent for women’s sports.

View a Phase of this EventFinal StandingsFinalB FinalRound One

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal
1 Tracy Caulkins 21 United States USA Gold OR
2 Nancy Hogshead 22 United States USA Silver
3 Michelle Pearson 22 Australia AUS Bronze
4 Lisa Curry-Kenny 22 Australia AUS
5 Christiane Pielke 21 West Germany FRG
6 Manuela Dalla Valle 21 Italy ITA
7 Petra Zindler 18 West Germany FRG
8 Kathrine Bomstad 21 Norway NOR
9 Maarit Sihvonen 23 Finland FIN
10 Michelle MacPherson 18 Canada CAN
11 Alison Dozzo 16 Canada CAN
12 Anette Philipsson 19 Sweden SWE
13 Gaynor Stanley 18 Great Britain GBR
14 Zara Long 13 Great Britain GBR
15 Hideka Koshimizu 19 Japan JPN
16 Laurence Bensimon 21 France FRA
17 Sabine Pauwels 17 Belgium BEL QC
18 Maria Kardum 16 Sweden SWE QC
19 Gail Jonson 19 New Zealand NZL
20 Brigitte Wanderer 17 Austria AUT
21 Yan Hong 16 China CHN
22 Helen Chow 18 Malaysia MAS
23 Faten Ghattas 19 Tunisia TUN
24 Karin Brandes 16 Peru PER
25 Lotta Flink 19 Hong Kong HKG
26 Sharon Pickering 16 Fiji FIJ
27 Blanca Morales 14 Guatemala GUA