Host City: MontrÃ©al, Canada
Date Started: July 18, 1976
Date Finished: July 30, 1976
Participants: 172 (172 men and 0 women) from 11 countries
Youngest Participant: CÃ©sar Raguso (16 years, 29 days)
Oldest Participant: Jorge Ivorra (33 years, 217 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 45 athletes with 1 medal
Most Medals (Country): 3 countries with 1 medal
The 1976 Olympic hockey tournament was held at Molson Stadium on the grounds of McGill University in MontrÃ©al. This was the first Olympics at which the hockey venue would have an artificial surface, although this would later become standard, and actually required by the FÃ©dÃ©ration Internationale de Hockey (FIH).
The format was supposed to have 12 teams separated into two groups of six playing a round-robin series to determine the top two teams in each to advance to the semi-finals. However, Kenya joined the African boycott of the 1976 Olympics, which left only 11 teams.
The original 12 teams were selected as follows â Canada as the host nation; West Germany as the 1972 Olympic Champion; Argentina as the 1975 Pan American Champion; Kenya chosen as the African representative; the Netherlands (1973) and India (1975) as the last two World Cup Champions; and Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, and Spain were chosen based on FIH rankings. Great Britain and Belgium played a three-match series to determine the 12th team, which Belgium won.
The gold medal match was an All-Oceania affair, with New Zealand winning the gold medal by defeating Australia, 1-0. Pakistan, Olympic champion in 1960 and 1968, won the bronze medal with a victory over the Netherlands, 3-2.