Host City: Ciudad de MÃ©xico, Mexico
Venue(s): Francisco MÃ¡rquez Olympic Swimming Pool, Ciudad de MÃ©xico
Date Started: October 21, 1968
Date Finished: October 22, 1968
The top American was [Charlie Hickcox] who had set two world records in the event in 1967. But the favorite was East German [Roland Matthes] who had lowered the world record to 58.4 in September 1967. Matthes was not to be beaten. He took the lead early and defeated Hickcox by 1.5 seconds. Behind Hickcox, Americans [Ronnie Mills] and [Larry Barbiere] placed 3-4. Three days later Matthews would add the 200 backstroke gold medal. In 1972 he returned to win the Olympic backstroke double-double, winning both the 100 and 200 again in Munich. He tried to make it a triple in the 100 in 1976, but placed third behind [John Naber] in MontrÃ©al. During his career Matthews set 16 long-course world records in the 100 and 200 backstrokes.