Host City: Roma, Italy
Venue(s): Olympic Swimming Stadium, Roma
Date Started: August 26, 1960
Date Finished: August 27, 1960
This event was unusual in Rome as the favorites were not from the United States or Australia. In 1959 Britainâs [Anita Lonsbrough] had set the world record with 2:50.3, only to see it bettered in June 1960 by German [Wiltrud Urselmann]. The event had been changed since the Melbourne Olympics with underwater swimming banned on 30 April 1957, and the times were now slower than they had been previously. The final in Rome was closely fought between the two favorites with Urselmann leading early but Lonsbrough surged in the last 25 metres to come out on top in the world record time of 2:49.5.