Host City: Roma, Italy
Venue(s): Olympic Swimming Stadium, Roma
Date Started: August 29, 1960
Date Finished: August 30, 1960
The United States' women had swept the medals in this event at Melbourne, but would see no such dominance in Rome. The silver medalist from Melbourne, American [Nancy Ramey], had set the last two world records in this event, and won the 1959 Pan American gold medal. But she did not make the United States' team. In her absence the gold medal went to [Carolyn Schuler] of the United States who won easily over Dutchwoman [Marianne Heemskerk] and Australiaâs [Jan Andrew]. American 14-year-old [Carolyn Wood] was near the lead in the final at 70 metres, but swallowed water and had to stop.