Host City: Melbourne, Australia
Venue(s): Olympic Park Swimming and Diving Stadium, Melbourne, Victoria
Date Started: November 30, 1956
Date Finished: December 6, 1956
For the first time at the Olympics, breaststroke and butterfly were split into separate disciplines, but they still generated controversy as nearly a third of the entrants were disqualified for using illegal strokes.The most notable of those excluded being 1952 medallist [Herbert Klein], who was punished after winning one of the heats.
Japan returned to breaststroke swimming pre-eminence in 1956. Japan had dominated in the immediate pre-war years but had failed to win a medal in the event for 20 years.
[Masaru Furukawa] won gold using a technique that kept him underwater for more than a quarter of the race with his slightly more visible teammate [Masahiro Yoshimura] narrowly defeating [Kharis Yunichev] to the silver medal. Yunichev was the first Soviet swimmer to claim an Olympic medal.