Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Olympic Stadium, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 17, 1920
Date Finished: August 20, 1920
Format: Single-elimination tournament.
This was the last appearance of the tug-of-war in the Olympics, which made its first appearance at the 1900 Olympics, and was also held in 1904, 1906, 1908, and 1912. Presumably the sport was discontinued because of the many controversies that surrounded it. There were several inter-national disputes at the earlier Olympics, but the 1920 Olympic tug-of-war event was conducted in peace.
Great Britain won the tournament easily, winning all six of its pulls. Their team consisted of several former and current members of the London police. Three of the team members, Fredrick Humphreys, Edwin Mills, and James Shepherd, won their third medals and second gold medals. They had been on the silver medal team in 1912 and the gold medal team in 1908. John Sewell also won a second medal, having been on the 1912 runner-up team.
The writing of the Official Report of the 1920 Olympic Games was restricted mostly due to the financial problems of the Organizing Committee that occurred after the Games were finished. It resulted in a simple typed report, of which few copies still exist. In addition, the report was not well written and contained many discrepancies, one of these being the results of the tug-of-war competition. Because of this, for a long time, it had been uncertain which team had really won the tug-of-war silver medal during these Olympics, because both the Americans and the Dutch claimed to have won that silver medal.
This may be illustrated by the fact that in the Official Report, the final result of the competition in âTraction Ã¡ la cordeâ (Tug-of-war) was:
1 Grande-Bretagne (Great-Britain)
2 Hollande (The Netherlands)
3 Belgique (Belgium)
The Official Report gave a detailed description of the tug-of-war competition, which was held on 17-18 August. The last sentences of that description read:
âLâItalie dÃ©clara forfait devant les Etats-Unis. Les Etats-Unis devaient tirer contre la Hollande pour la seconde place, mais, par suite dâune erreur, lâÃ©quipe hollandaise quitta Anvers et ne revint pas pour ce match. Les Etats-Unis se trouveurent de ce fait en seconde place.â
According to this description, âthe Dutch team should have pulled against the American team for second place, but because the Dutch team had already returned home, the second place was then awarded to the United States.â However, this is incorrect. The Dutch team did complete in the Bergvall competition for second place, defeating Belgium two pulls to none. In fact, in the third-place competition, the United States may have left early, and not pulled against Belgium for the bronze medal. It is not certain if the final match took place, but Belgium certainly won the bronze medal.