Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Ice Palace Antwerp, Antwerpen
Date Started: April 25, 1920
Date Finished: April 25, 1920
Format: Each judge ranked each skater by Ordinal Placement from first through last place. The Ordinal Placement for each judge was based on Total Points awarded by that judge to the skaters. The points were based on 60% for Compulsory Figures and 40% for Free Skating. Final placement was determined by a Majority Placement rule. Thus, if a skater was ranked first by a majority of the judges, that skater was placed first overall, and the process was repeated for each place. If no absolute majority for a place existed, the tiebreakers were, in order: 1) Total Ordinals, 2) Total Points, 3) Compulsory Figure Points.
The ladiesâ competition was very difficult to handicap. The scoring varied widely, as witnessed by Theresa Weld-Blanchard receiving two first place votes and one last place vote, and eventual fifth placer Margot Moe of Norway receiving one first place vote and three last place votes. Julin-Mauroy and NorÃ©n won the gold and silver medals, respectively, because of the consistency of their placements. Julin-Mauroy won the gold medal despite not being placed first by any judge, the only time this has ever happened in the Olympics. A measure of the anti-German sentiment of the time was evidenced by the choice of music for Julin-Mauroy's free skating program. She had trained to âAn der schÃ¶nen blauen Donau,â a German song, but it was forbidden, and she had to change music at the last minute.
The 1920 Olympic Games was the only time that Magda Julin-Mauroy competed in international skating. NorÃ©n was better known. At the World Championships, she had been 3rd in 1913, and she would win silver in 1922 and another bronze in 1923. Bronze medalist Theresa Weld-Blanchard had the longest career of any of the women in 1920. She won the 1914 and 1920-1924 U.S. women's title and, partnered with Nathanial Niles, she was U.S. pairs champion in 1918 and 1920-1927. Weld-Blanchard was the first North American women's champion (1923) and she and Niles won the North American pairs title in 1925.
Weld-Blanchard actually deserved the silver medal, and figure skating historian Benjamin Wright has noted, âThe day after the ladies event, a re-tabulation of the marks showed that Theresa Weld had in fact earned more points than Svea NorÃ©n of Sweden, and deserved the silver medal. The judges had approximated her points and awarded ordinals and the medals accordingly. A protest was never made and the results stood as originally announced. It was a commentary on the fact that the I.S.U. did not participate in conducting the events.â
|3||Theresa Weld-Blanchard||26||United States||USA||Bronze||3Ã3+||15.5||898.00|
|4||Phyllis Johnson||33||Great Britain||GBR||3Ã4+||18.5||869.50|