You Are Here > > > > > Men's All-Around Championship

Athletics at the 1904 St. Louis Summer Games:

Men's All-Around Championship

Athletics at the 1904 Summer Games:


Host City: St. Louis, United States
Venue(s): Francis Field, Washington University, St. Louis
Date Started: July 4, 1904
Date Finished: July 4, 1904

Gold: GBR Tom Kiely
Silver: USA Adam Gunn
Bronze: USA Truxtun Hare


The all-around was the early forerunner of the decathlon and consisted of ten events held in one day as follows: 100 yards, shot put, high jump, 880 yards, hammer throw, pole vault, 120 yard hurdles, 56 lb. weight throw, long jump and one mile run. Scoring was by point tables, but since in the sprints, times were only taken for the winner, the points for the others in the 100 and high hurdles were derived by estimating the distance they were behind the winner. For each foot behind the winner, seven pts. were deducted from the winner's score in the 100, and five pts. in the hurdles. The event was held in July, as part of the gymnastics championships, rather than with the other track & field events.

This was expected to be a battle between the Irish champion, [Tom Kiely], and the two-time U.S. champions, [Ellery Clark] and [Adam Gunn]. But Clark was ill his entire stay in St. Louis and he fell behind early before dropping out. Kiely was fifth after four events but then his great strength in the weight throws pulled him into the lead after the eighth event and he held on to win.

There has been some controversy in the Journal of Olympic History as to whether this event was an Olympic event. Decathlon expert Frank Zarnowski leads the naysayers, but the IOC continues to recognize this as an Olympic event.

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal PTS
1 Tom Kiely 34 Great Britain GBR Gold 6,036
2 Adam Gunn 31 United States USA Silver 5,907
3 Truxtun Hare 25 United States USA Bronze 5,813
4 Jack Holloway 25 Great Britain GBR 5,273
5 Ellery Clark 30 United States USA 2,778
6 John Grieb 24 United States USA 2,199
AC Max Emmerich 25 United States USA DNF