Full name: Gustav SchÃ¤fer
Born: September 22, 1906 in Johanngeorgenstadt, Sachsen, Germany
Died: December 12, 1991 in Munich, Bayern, Germany
Affiliations: Dresdner RV, Dresden (GER)
Medals: 1 Gold (1 Total)
Before Gustav SchÃ¤fer took up rowing he played water polo, hockey and football. Above all, however, he was interested in swimming and was a member of the Dresden swimming club, and it was there that he was first given the nickname âGummiâ (rubber). He started rowing in fours and eights, but turned to single sculls in 1934, and that year won his first German title and also the European title. In 1935 he was second behind [Herbert Buhtz] and in 1936 beat Buhtz to regain his title.
SchÃ¤fer then became the first German sculler in the history of the Olympics to win a gold medal when he won the single sculls at the 1936 Berlin Games. In the final, SchÃ¤fer did not have any problems, winning the title with a couple of lengths to spare ahead of [Josef HasenÃ¶hrl] of Austria, and [Dan Barrow] of the United States. The favorite before the race, [Ernst Rufli] of Switzerland, the Diamond Sculls winner in both in 1935 and 1936, finished only fifth.
SchÃ¤fer quit rowing straight after his Olympic triumph. Later that year, he and his rowing friend, the non-Olympian Georg von Opel, founded the German Olympic Society. During World War II SchÃ¤fer was captured by the Russians and remained as a POW in Russia until 1947. In 1988, he was awarded the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany by West German president Richard von WeizsÃ¤cker. In 2008, SchÃ¤fer was inducted posthumously into the German Sports Hall of Fame.
|1936 Summer||29||Berlin||Rowing||Men's Single Sculls||Germany||GER||1||Gold|
|1936 Summer||29||Berlin||Rowing||Germany||GER||Final Round||8:21.5|
|1936 Summer||29||Berlin||Rowing||Germany||GER||Semi-Finals||Heat One||8:04.0|
|1936 Summer||29||Berlin||Rowing||Germany||GER||Round One||Heat Two||7:17.1|