Full name: Lionel Adolphe Groulx
Other name(s): Lionel Montal, AloniÃ© de Lestres
Born: January 13, 1878 in Vaudreuil, QuÃ©bec, Canada
Died: May 23, 1967 in Vaudreuil, QuÃ©bec, Canada
Sport: Art Competitions
Lionel Groulx was a Roman Catholic priest, historian and QuÃ©bec nationalist, who sometimes wrote under one of two pseudonyms, Lionel Montal or AloniÃ© de Lestres. He was one of the first QuÃ©bec historians who believed that the only way to repair French-Canadian nationalism was by national education and through the QuÃ©bec government. Therefore he focused on teaching history, the heroic acts of New France and the French-Canadians, and the rights of self-government.
Groulx also believed that the 1867 Canadian Confederation was a failure and he proposed a French State of Canada with a close relationship with the Roman Catholic Diocese of QuÃ©bec. His major writings included Histoire de la ConfÃ©dÃ©ration, Notre grande aventure, Histoire du Canada franÃ§ais, and Notre maÃ®tre le passÃ©.
Groulx was later remembered both for his strong case in favour of economic re-conquest of QuÃ©bec by French-Canadians, defence of the French language, and his pioneering work as the first chair of Canadian history in QuÃ©bec. He founded the Institut d'histoire d'AmÃ©rique franÃ§aise in 1946.
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