The German painter, graphic artist and cartoonist Georg GroÃ studied in Dresden and Berlin, and in 1913 went to Paris for the first time. In World War I he was a pacifist and recorded the atrocities of war. Allegedly, he was shot as a deserter but survived. After 1918 GroÃ became a member of the Communistic Party KPD. Artistically he was assigned to the New Objectivity and the Dadaists.
GroÃ provoked reactions by his depictions of murder, perversion and violence. He was also engaged in the writings of the ruling society of the Weimar Republic, with the economics, military and clergy. Because of his socially critical paintings and drawings, he was indicted and punished frequently. His painting Boxer Max Schmeling was submitted to the 1928 art competition at Amsterdam. Later this painting was bought and owned by the Axel Springer Publishing Company in Berlin.
In 1932 GroÃ was offered a teaching position at the Art Students League in New York, emigrated to the US in 1933 and became a United States citizen in 1938, after which he Americanized his name to George Grosz, although he had used that name since 1916 as a protest against German nationalism. His works were called Degenerated Art by the Nazis.
In 1959 Grosz returned to Germany, but soon died after a fall from the stages of his house, while he was severely drunk. His son Peter became an aviation historian and his son Marty one of the best jazz musicians in the United States. In 1977 George Grosz was honored by the German Federal Post Office Berlin with a stamp dedicated at the 15th European art exhibition and again in 1993 on the occasion of his 100th birthday.
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