Full name: Ferenc CsÃk (LengvÃ¡ri-)
Born: December 12, 1913 in KaposvÃ¡r, Somogy, Hungary
Died: March 29, 1945 in Sopron, GyÅr-Moson-Sopron, Hungary
Affiliations: BEAC, Budapest (HUN)
Medals: 1 Gold, 1 Bronze (2 Total)
Ferenc CsÃk, a medical student from Budapest, was the surprise winner of 100 freestyle at the 1936 Olympics. Although reigning European 100 free champion, CsÃk was not considered among the favorites to win the title at the Olympics, those roles going to world record holder American [Peter Fick] and strong Japanese swimmers [Masanori Yusa], [Shigeo Arai] and [Masaharu Taguchi]. At the Olympic final, as the favorites battled each other, CsÃk came through in the outside lane to finish ahead of three Japanese swimmers, while Fick finished a disappointing sixth. CsÃk also win bronze in the 4x200 free relay at the 1936 Olympics.
Growing up on the shores of Lake Balaton, CsÃk became acquainted with swimming at an early age, but took up competitive swimming seriously only after enrolling at Budapestâs PÃ¡zmÃ¡ny PÃ©ter University (later EÃ¶tvÃ¶s LorÃ¡nd University) to study medicine. Csik was the youngest of three brothers, whose father was killed during the first months of the World War I. Coached by [IstvÃ¡n BÃ¡rÃ¡ny] and [JÃ³zsef VÃ©rtesy], CsÃk became the top Hungarian freestyle swimmer in the 1930s. He first competed internationally at the 1933 World University Games, where he won 100 freestyle silver and 50 free bronze. The next year, CsÃk won the 100 free and 4x200 free relay at the 1934 European Championships. In 1935, CsÃk won the 100 free, 4x200 free relay, and medley relay at the World University Games and after his Olympic triumph, CsÃk last competed internationally at the 1937 World University Games, winning the 100 free, 200 breast, 4x200 free relay, and medley relay.
Domestically CsÃk was a 19-time Hungarian champion â 1933-38 in 100 freestyle; 1934-36 in 200 freestyle; 1935-36 in 100 breaststroke; 1935 in 200 breaststroke; 1937 in 300 IM; 1934-37 and 1939 in 4x200 freestyle relay; and 1937 in the medley relay. He was also part of three Hungarian 4x100 m freestyle relay teams that set world records, clocking 4:10.2 in June 1937, 4:06.6 in August 1937 and 4:02.0 in July 1938.
CsÃk graduated from the PÃ¡zmÃ¡ny PÃ©ter University in 1937 with an MD degree and retired from international competition, concentrating on his work at the PÃ¡zmÃ¡ny PÃ©ter University and MÃV BetegbiztosÃtÃ³ clinics in Budapest, but he continued to compete domestically, winning his final medals at the Hungarian championships in 1942. In 1943, CsÃk taught anatomy at the Budapest University of Physical Education and also worked as an editor of the Hungarian medical journal Orvosi KÃ¶zlemÃ©nyek. In October 1944, CsÃk was mobilized to the Army, serving as an Army medic in Szolnok, Keszthely, and Sopron. Just a month before the end of World War II, Sergeant Ferenc CsÃk was killed in an air raid in Sopron, while treating the wounded. He was inducted into International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1983.
Personal Bests: 100 m freestyle â 57.0 (1936); 200 m freestyle â 2:13.4 (1936).
|1936 Summer||22||Berlin||Swimming||Men's 100 metres Freestyle||Hungary||HUN||1||Gold|
|1936 Summer||22||Berlin||Swimming||Men's 4 Ã 200 metres Freestyle Relay||Hungary||HUN||3||Bronze|
|1936 Summer||22||Berlin||Swimming||Hungary||Semi-Finals||Heat One||2||Q||58.1|
|1936 Summer||22||Berlin||Swimming||Hungary||Round One||Heat One||2||Q||58.3|
|1936 Summer||22||Berlin||Swimming||Hungary||HUN||Round One||Heat Two||2|