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Speed Skating at the 1988 Calgary Winter Games:

Women's 3,000 metres

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Host City: Calgary, Canada
Venue(s): Olympic Oval, Calgary
Date Started: February 23, 1988
Date Finished: February 23, 1988

Gold: NED Yvonne van Gennip
Silver: GDR Andrea Ehrig-Schöne-Mitscherlich
Bronze: GDR Gabi Zange-Schönbrunn

Summary

The 3,000 m was set to be an all-East German affair. At the five international 3,000 ms held in the 1987-1988 season, five East Germans had divided the medals. Three of them had won a race, and all three of them were racing in Calgary: Gabi Zange, Karin Kania and Andrea Ehrig. In fact, these three women had occupied the podium at the 1984 Olympics, when Ehrig had beaten Kania and Zange for the title. In the present season, Kania had won the World Cup races in Berlin and Butte, while Ehrig had won in Davos and at the European Championships. Zange had won the World Cup in Calgary, en passant breaking the world record and lowering it to 4:16.76. That record had been in the hands of Yvonne van Gennip, who had skated 4:16.85 in Heerenveen the previous season. But van Gennip had suffered from various injuries in the past months, and had recovered only just in time for the Olympics.

The race started dramatically, with Ehrig racing against Kania. The latter took off at an insane pace. Barely half-way through the race, Kania had a five-second advantage on Zange's world record. Unsurprisingly, she hit the wall, and barely made it to the finish line, needing almost 40 seconds for the final lap. Ehrig, in the meanwhile, had been able to keep her pace, setting a world record of 4:12.09, well below the old mark. Zange herself, riding in the third pair, approximately matched her own world record (4:16.92), which was enough to beat Kania, but not Ehrig. Van Gennip was behind the leading times for the entire race, but not by far. With her final lap, she made up for the 0.63 second deficit, and crossed the line in 4:11.94, for a very surprising gold medal. It would be the first of her three Olympic titles in Calgary, matching the feat of her compatriot Ard Schenk in 1972.

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal T 2c 6c 1k 1.4k 1.8k 2.2k 2.6k
1 Yvonne van Gennip 23 Netherlands NED Gold 4:11.94 20.00 50.68 1:22.59 1:55.55 2:28.87 3:02.75 3:37.08 WR
2 Andrea Ehrig-Schöne-Mitscherlich 27 East Germany GDR Silver 4:12.09 19.63 50.79 1:22.47 1:55.08 2:28.21 3:02.05 3:36.45 WR
3 Gabi Zange-Schönbrunn 26 East Germany GDR Bronze 4:16.92 20.45 52.17 1:25.17 1:58.95 2:32.80 3:07.01 3:41.67
4 Karin Enke-Kania 26 East Germany GDR 4:18.80 19.29 49.94 1:21.71 1:54.40 2:27.92 3:02.13 3:38.82
5 Erwina Ryś-Ferens 33 Poland POL 4:22.59 20.00 51.97 1:25.20 1:59.55 2:34.18 3:09.55 3:45.66
6 Svetlana Boyko 22 Soviet Union URS 4:22.90 21.15 54.21 1:28.13 2:02.32 2:36.63 3:11.37 3:46.92
7T Seiko Hashimoto 23 Japan JPN 4:23.29 19.86 52.98 1:27.49 2:02.30 2:37.37 3:12.56 3:47.95
7T Yelena Lapuga 23 Soviet Union URS 4:23.29 20.90 53.61 1:26.61 1:59.95 2:34.22 3:09.51 3:46.14
9 Yelena Tumanova 22 Soviet Union URS 4:24.07 20.61 53.52 1:27.03 2:01.06 2:35.65 3:10.86 3:47.69
10 Jasmin Krohn 21 Sweden SWE 4:25.06 20.98 54.78 1:29.14 2:03.75 2:39.06 3:14.12 3:49.41
11 Jane Goldman 23 United States USA 4:25.26 20.77 55.13 1:29.70 2:04.04 2:38.80 3:14.00 3:49.40
12 Anja Mischke 20 West Germany FRG 4:26.30 20.73 53.60 1:28.11 2:02.96 2:38.18 3:13.85 3:49.95
13 Elena Belci 23 Italy ITA 4:27.21 20.61 53.87 1:28.30 2:03.63 2:39.39 3:15.33 3:51.21
14 Emese Nemeth-Hunyady 21 Austria AUT 4:27.56 20.74 53.34 1:27.40 2:02.31 2:38.11 3:14.26 3:51.13
15 Ariane Loignon 22 Canada CAN 4:28.55 20.68 54.62 1:28.68 2:03.35 2:38.05 3:13.52 3:50.21
16 Marieke Stam 23 Netherlands NED 4:28.92 20.50 53.46 1:27.95 2:03.16 2:38.74 3:14.96 3:52.05
17 Han Chun-Ok 22 North Korea PRK 4:29.16 20.86 54.14 1:29.18 2:04.56 2:40.52 3:16.15 3:52.56
18 Natsue Seki 21 Japan JPN 4:29.77 21.23 55.49 1:30.13 2:05.41 2:40.92 3:17.06 3:53.47
19 Mary Docter 27 United States USA 4:29.93 21.15 53.85 1:26.86 2:00.93 2:35.73 3:11.84 3:49.52
20 Leslie Bader 24 United States USA 4:30.09 20.77 53.59 1:27.02 2:01.70 2:37.14 3:13.85 3:51.40
21 Zhang Qing 22 China CHN 4:30.19 21.04 54.90 1:29.30 2:04.53 2:40.14 3:16.00 3:52.47
22 Kim Young-Ok 21 South Korea KOR 4:30.60 20.69 54.93 1:29.40 2:04.70 2:40.51 3:16.85 3:53.39
23 Song Hwa-Son 19 North Korea PRK 4:31.05 20.93 53.75 1:27.89 2:03.42 2:39.60 3:16.60 3:53.60
24 Marie-France van Helden 28 France FRA 4:32.34 21.53 56.14 1:31.74 2:07.54 2:43.63 3:19.73 3:55.97
25 Minna Nystedt 20 Norway NOR 4:35.35 21.44 55.12 1:29.57 2:04.70 2:41.18 3:18.35 3:56.41
26 Chantal Côté 23 Canada CAN 4:35.74 21.48 56.89 1:32.73 2:08.50 2:44.16 3:20.46 3:58.09
27 Stéphanie Dumont 20 France FRA 4:38.03 20.85 55.38 1:30.77 2:06.58 2:43.04 3:20.44 3:58.60
28 Choi Hye-Sook 17 South Korea KOR 4:42.26 21.16 56.01 1:32.28 2:09.02 2:46.31 3:24.24 4:03.16
AC Ingrid Paul 23 Netherlands NED [4:29.53] [20.72] [54.66] [1:28.54] [2:03.19] [2:38.36] [3:14.40] [3:50.63] DQ