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1980 Lake Placid Winter Games

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Host City: Lake Placid, United States (February 12, 1980 to February 24, 1980)
Opening Ceremony: February 13, 1980 (opened by Vice-President Walter Mondale)
Lighter of the Olympic Flame: Charles Morgan Kerr
Takers of the Olympic Oath: Eric Heiden (athlete) and Terry McDermott (official)
Closing Ceremony: February 24, 1980
Events: 38 in 10 sports

Participants: 1,072 (837 men and 235 women) from 37 countries
Youngest Participant: GBR Susy Garland (13 years, 292 days)
Oldest Participant: SWE Carl-Erik Eriksson (49 years, 279 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): USA Eric Heiden (5 medals)
Most Medals (Country): GDR East Germany (23 medals)

Overview

Lake Placid, like St. Moritz and Innsbruck before it, was given a second chance to host the Olympic Winter Games. With no other city wishing to bid, in the light of the problems experienced from 1968-76 by the Winter Olympic host cities, only Lake Placid remained as a candidate when it came time for the IOC to award the 1980 Olympic Winter Games. In the era of spiraling costs, Lake Placid promised a simpler Olympics, a "kindler, gentler Games", though years before President George Bush. But the complexity of television, and millions of spectators almost proved too much for the small upstate New York village. Transportation and communication was difficult and the IOC vowed never to return the Games to such a small venue. The Lake Placid site was also plagued before the Olympics by complaints from environmentalists. But the Lake Placid OCOG worked with the environmentalists, really heralding a new era of "green Games" for the Olympics.

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Country Medal Leaders

Rk Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 East Germany 9 7 7 23
2 Soviet Union 10 6 6 22
3 United States 6 4 2 12
4 Norway 1 3 6 10
5 Finland 1 5 3 9
6 Austria 3 2 2 7
7 Switzerland 1 1 3 5
8 West Germany 0 2 3 5
9 Sweden 3 0 1 4
10 Liechtenstein 2 2 0 4
11 Netherlands 1 2 1 4
12 Italy 0 2 0 2
13 Canada 0 1 1 2
14 Great Britain 1 0 0 1
15 Hungary 0 1 0 1
16 Japan 0 1 0 1
17 France 0 0 1 1
18 Bulgaria 0 0 1 1
19 Czechoslovakia 0 0 1 1

Athlete Medal Leaders

Rk Athlete Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Eric Heiden (USA) 5 0 0 5
2 Nikolay Zimyatov (URS) 3 0 0 3
3 Hanni Wenzel (LIE) 2 1 0 3
4 Anatoly Alyabyev (URS) 2 0 1 3
5 Frank Ullrich (GDR) 1 2 0 3
6 Juha Mieto (FIN) 0 2 1 3
7 Barbara Petzold (GDR) 2 0 0 2
8 Ingemar Stenmark (SWE) 2 0 0 2
9 Raisa Smetanina (URS) 1 1 0 2
10 Vladimir Alikin (URS) 1 1 0 2
11 Sepp Benz (SUI) 1 1 0 2
12 Hans-Jürgen Gerhardt (GDR) 1 1 0 2
13 Bernhard Germeshausen (GDR) 1 1 0 2
14 Vasily Rochev (URS) 1 1 0 2
15 Erich Schärer (SUI) 1 1 0 2
16 Nataliya Petrusyova (URS) 1 0 1 2
17 Bogdan Musiol (GDR) 1 0 1 2
18 Meinhard Nehmer (GDR) 1 0 1 2
19 Hilkka Riihivuori-Kuntola (FIN) 0 2 0 2
20 Leah Poulos-Mueller (USA) 0 2 0 2
21 Kay Arne Stenshjemmet (NOR) 0 2 0 2
22 Sabine Becker (GDR) 0 1 1 2
23 Ove Aunli (NOR) 0 1 1 2
24 Eberhard Rösch (GDR) 0 1 1 2
25 Tom Erik Oxholm (NOR) 0 0 2 2

Sports