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Figure Skating at the 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Games:

Women's Singles

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Events:
Phases:

Host City: Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
Venue(s): Olympic Artificial Ice Stadium, Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Date Started: February 11, 1936
Date Finished: February 15, 1936
Format: Each judge ranked each skater by Ordinal Placement from first through last place. The Ordinal Placement for each judge was based on Total Points awarded by that judge to the skaters. The points were based on 60% for Compulsory Figures and 40% for Free Skating, with the tiebreaker for each judge being Compulsory Figure Points. Final placement was determined by a Majority Placement rule. Thus, if a skater was ranked first by a majority of the judges, that skater was placed first overall, and the process was repeated for each place. If no absolute majority for a place existed, the tiebreakers were, in order: 1) Total Ordinals, 2) Total Points, 3) Compulsory Figure Points.

Gold: NOR Sonja Henie
Silver: GBR Cecilia Colledge
Bronze: SWE Vivi-Anne Hultén

Summary

Sonja Henie continued to dominate the figure skating scene after her second Olympic gold medal in 1932, winning all World and European Championships in the years between the 1932 and 1936 Olympics. At the European Championships in Berlin, three weeks before the Olympics, Cecilia Colledge, now 15, impressed the audience by being the first female figure skater to perform a double jump in competition, when she successfully landed a double Salchow. Colledge was a creative figure skater, introducing two new elements in her program, the camel and layback spins, but still she had to be satisfied with the silver medal in Berlin behind Henie. Bronze medalist Megan Taylor was not selected for the British Olympic team. An accident in the summer of 1935 prevented her from competing in the Olympic trials.

At the Olympics, Henie had a narrow lead over Colledge after the compulsory figures, though she was displeased by the judging. In the free skating, Colledge’s performance was delayed due to music trouble, and she almost fell during the first part of her performance. But she recovered and finished her program with an average score of 5.7. Henie, starting last of the 26 competitors, made an excellent free program and won her third Olympic gold with an average score of 5.8. A week later she ended her amateur career in Vienna, winning her tenth World Championship title in a row. Only the Swede Ulrich Salchow, winning 11 consecutive world titles from 1901 to 1911, has a better World Figure Skating Championships record. Her later career in USA as movie star and ice show performer made her one of the wealthiest and most famous Olympians ever.

With her teammate Megan Taylor, Colledge dominated international figure skating after Henie’s retirement together. She won three European Championships in a row 1937-1939 with Taylor placing second, and the 1937 World Championships also ended with the same result. In 1938 at Stockholm she was beaten by Taylor, who defended her championship in 1939 with Colledge not present. The British dominance in female figure skating was, however, interrupted by the outbreak of the Second World War.

Vivi-Anne Hultén of Sweden won a close contest for the third place in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, and could add to her collection of four World and two European Championships medals, however no gold, with an Olympic bronze. The fourth place finisher, Liselotte Landbeck representing Belgium, was born in Vienna. While in her teens, she was one of the best speed skaters in the world, winning the unofficial world championships in Oslo 1933. Five times she bettered the world record in the 500 and 1000 m during the years 1932-1934. As a figure skater representing Austria, she came second to Henie in the European Championships 1934 and 1935 and won a bronze medal at the 1934 World Championships. She was the fiancée of the Belgian pair skater Robert Verdun, who also participated in the 1936 Olympics, and chose to represent Belgium at her only Olympic appearance. They married in April 1936.

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal MP TO TP RP
1 Sonja Henie 23 Norway NOR Gold 6×1+ 7.5 2,971.4 424.485
2 Cecilia Colledge 15 Great Britain GBR Silver 7×2+ 13.5 2,926.8 418.114
3 Vivi-Anne Hultén 24 Sweden SWE Bronze 6×4+ 28.0 2,763.2 394.742
4 Liselotte Landbeck 20 Belgium BEL 5×5+ 32.0 2,753.2 393.314
5 Maribel Vinson 24 United States USA 4×5+ 39.0 2,720.9 388.700
6 Hedy Stenuf 13 Austria AUT 4×5+ 40.0 2,713.3 387.614
7 Emmy Putzinger 14 Austria AUT 5×7+ 49.0 2,672.4 381.771
8 Viktoria Lindpaintner 17 Germany GER 6×8+ 51.0 2,669.6 381.371
9 Grete Lainer 21 Austria AUT 5×9+ 65.0 2,613.6 373.371
10 Etsuko Inada 11 Japan JPN 5×11+ 77.0 2,576.7 368.100
11 Mollie Phillips 28 Great Britain GBR 4×11+ 78.0 2,563.4 366.200
12 Audrey Peppe 18 United States USA 6×13+ 85.0 2,542.9 363.271
13 Angela Anderes 16 Switzerland SUI 4×14+ 101.0 2,488.1 355.442
14 Bianca Schenk 17 Austria AUT 5×16+ 102.0 2,494.7 356.385
15 Éva von Botond 14 Hungary HUN 5×15+ 106.0 2,492.5 356.071
16 Belita Jepson-Turner 12 Great Britain GBR 4×15+ 107.0 2,468.1 352.585
17 Věra Hrubá 15 Czechoslovakia TCH 4×16+ 111.0 2,473.0 353.285
18 Yvonne de Ligne 28 Belgium BEL 4×17+ 118.0 2,437.1 348.157
19 Hertha Frey-Dexler 19 Switzerland SUI 4×18+ 129.0 2,417.5 345.357
20 Fritzi Metznerová 25 Czechoslovakia TCH 4×20+ 141.0 2,374.5 339.214
21 Louise Weigel 23 United States USA 7×21+ 140.0 2,354.8 336.400
22 Estelle Weigel 21 United States USA 7×22+ 151.0 2,271.8 324.542
23 Alise Dzeguze 21 Latvia LAT 7×23+ 161.0 1,966.2 280.885
AC Gweneth Butler 20 Great Britain GBR DNF
AC Constance Wilson-Samuel 28 Canada CAN DNF
AC Nanna Egedius 22 Norway NOR DNF