Host City: London, Great Britain
Date Started: July 29, 2012
Date Finished: August 11, 2012
Participants: 332 (221 men and 111 women) from 56 countries
Youngest Participant: Ana Sátila (16 years, 140 days)
Oldest Participant: Josefa Idem-Guerrini (47 years, 319 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 6 athletes with 2 medals
Most Medals (Country): Germany (8 medals)
The slalom canoe events at the 2012 Summer Olympics were held at the Lee Valley White Water Centre in Hertfordshire, the first new venue to be completed for the Games, while the sprint events took place at Dorney Lake, known as Eton Dorney during the Games, a private man-made lake owned by Eton College. The tournament saw several important changes from the 2008 Games, most noticeably the removal from the program of all four 500 metre events for the men (C-1, C-2, K-1, and K-2). They were replaced by three 200 metre events for men (C-1, K-1, and K-2) and one for women (K-1) in an effort to attract more spectators with more exciting, fast-paced races. Lanes were reduced from nine to eight, the finals were extended to three days from two to allow for more television coverage, and a “B Final” was introduced to rank the top sixteen athletes. The slalom events remained the same, although they too were expanded to three days of finals. Qualification for the slalom changed to allow the possibility of an NOC entering two teams in the C-2 event.
France was the most successfully slalom canoe nation in 2012, winning two of the four gold medals in the tournament, although Great Britain successfully took advantage of the new qualification system by placing its teams first and second in the C-2 event. Slovakia, which had won three of the four gold medals in 2008, was plagued with bad luck and finished with only two bronze medals. Germany and Hungary dominated the sprint events, with three gold medals each, but Hungary managed to pick up an additional two silver medals, edging out Germany who earned one silver and two bronze medals. This made these two nations somewhat more dominant than they had been in 2008, where they won two gold medals each. The overall medal winner was Germany, with three gold, two silver, and three bronze medals, the exact tally that had ranked them #1 in Beijing. The women had four multiple medalists: Ukrainian Inna Osypenko-Radomska was runner up in both the K-1 200 and 500, while Hungarians Katalin Kovács and Natasa Douchev-Janics, silver medalists in the K-2 500, won gold in the K-4 500 and bronze in the K-1 200 respectively. Danuta Kozák, also of Hungary, was the K-1 500 champion and a member of the gold medal-winning K-4 500 squad, making her the most successful canoeist of the Games.