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Swimming at the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Games

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Sports:

Host City: Los Angeles, United States
Date Started: July 29, 1984
Date Finished: August 4, 1984
Events: 29

Participants: 494 (308 men and 185 women) from 67 countries
Youngest Participant: GBR Zara Long (13 years, 271 days)
Oldest Participant: PHI Jairulla Jaitulla (30 years, 244 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 3 athletes with 4 medals
Most Medals (Country): USA United States (34 medals)

Overview

The Soviet-led Eastern Bloc boycott allowed the United States to dominate the 1984 swimming events, especially on the women’s side, with the absence of the East German (German Democratic Republic) women. On the men’s side, the biggest loss was not seeing Soviet distance star Vladimir Salnikov.

The swimming venue was specially built for the Los Angeles Olympics and was one of only two venues that had to be built from scratch for the 1984 Olympics, the other being the cycling velodrome. The Olympic Swim Stadium was built with donations from McDonald’s and after the Olympics was called the McDonald’s Olympic Swim Stadium, and became the home swim stadium for the University of Southern California (USC). The stadium was closed in 2013 and renovated, and was then renamed the Uytengsu Aquatics Center, after a USC alumnus. The 1984 swim stadium was an outdoor venue, which was the first time since 1960 that Olympic swimming was contested outdoors. After the Los Angeles Olympics this also occurred at Barcelona in 1992, but through 2012, all Olympic swimming competition has been outdoors (except for the long-distance swims added in 2008).

The programs were returned to their status of 1968 and 1972, with 15 men’s events and 14 women’s events. The 200 individual medley was restored for both genders, and the men had the 4x100 freestyle relay added back to the program.

One major change had occurred in the program. Because of the United States winning so many medals, often sweeping the medals in events, and the GDR women now doing the same, nations could no longer enter three swimmers in the individual events, but were now limited to only two in each individual event.

The United States won 21 of 29 events and 34 of 87 medals, easily leading both lists. On the men’s side they won 9 golds and 15 medals, while their women won 12 golds and 19 medals. Seven American swimmers won three gold medals, as follows – Nancy Hogshead, Mike Heath, Tracy Caulkins, Mary T. Meagher, Carrie Steinseifer, Rick Carey, and Rowdy Gaines. Three swimmers won four medals – Hogshead, Heath, and West Germany Michael Groß.

Medalists

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 100 metres Freestyle USA Rowdy Gaines AUS Mark Stockwell SWE Per Johansson
Men's 200 metres Freestyle FRG Michael Groß USA Mike Heath FRG Thomas Fahrner
Men's 400 metres Freestyle USA George DiCarlo USA John Mykkanen AUS Justin Lemberg
Men's 1,500 metres Freestyle USA Mike O'Brien USA George DiCarlo FRG Stefan Pfeiffer
Men's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay USA United States AUS Australia SWE Sweden
Men's 4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay USA United States FRG West Germany GBR Great Britain
Men's 100 metres Backstroke USA Rick Carey USA Dave Wilson CAN Mike West
Men's 200 metres Backstroke USA Rick Carey FRA Frédéric Delcourt CAN Cam Henning
Men's 100 metres Breaststroke USA Steve Lundquist CAN Victor Davis AUS Peter Evans
Men's 200 metres Breaststroke CAN Victor Davis AUS Glenn Beringen SUI Étienne Dagon
Men's 100 metres Butterfly FRG Michael Groß USA Pablo Morales AUS Glenn Buchanan
Men's 200 metres Butterfly AUS Jon Sieben FRG Michael Groß VEN Rafael Vidal
Men's 200 metres Individual Medley CAN Alex Baumann USA Pablo Morales GBR Neil Cochran
Men's 400 metres Individual Medley CAN Alex Baumann BRA Ricardo Prado AUS Rob Woodhouse
Men's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay USA United States CAN Canada AUS Australia
Women's 100 metres Freestyle USA Nancy Hogshead
USA Carrie Steinseifer
NED Annemarie Verstappen
Women's 200 metres Freestyle USA Mary Wayte USA Sippy Woodhead NED Annemarie Verstappen
Women's 400 metres Freestyle USA Tiffany Cohen GBR Sarah Hardcastle GBR June Croft
Women's 800 metres Freestyle USA Tiffany Cohen USA Michelle Richardson GBR Sarah Hardcastle
Women's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay USA United States NED Netherlands FRG West Germany
Women's 100 metres Backstroke USA Theresa Andrews USA Betsy Mitchell NED Jolanda de Rover
Women's 200 metres Backstroke NED Jolanda de Rover USA Amy White ROU Aneta Pătrăşcoiu
Women's 100 metres Breaststroke NED Petra van Staveren CAN Anne Ottenbrite FRA Catherine Poirot
Women's 200 metres Breaststroke CAN Anne Ottenbrite USA Susan Rapp BEL Ingrid Lempereur
Women's 100 metres Butterfly USA Mary T. Meagher USA Jenna Johnson FRG Karin Seick
Women's 200 metres Butterfly USA Mary T. Meagher AUS Karen Phillips FRG Ina Beyermann
Women's 200 metres Individual Medley USA Tracy Caulkins USA Nancy Hogshead AUS Michelle Pearson
Women's 400 metres Individual Medley USA Tracy Caulkins AUS Suzie Landells FRG Petra Zindler
Women's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay USA United States FRG West Germany CAN Canada