Host City: Los Angeles, United States
Date Started: July 29, 1984
Date Finished: August 3, 1984
Participants: 359 (314 men and 45 women) from 54 countries
Youngest Participant: Hung Chung Yam (16 years, 224 days)
Oldest Participant: George Nayeja (38 years, 52 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 3 athletes with 2 medals
Most Medals (Country): United States (9 medals)
The biggest change in cycling in 1984 was that a women’s event, the individual road race, was added to the program. Women had raced a World Championship road race, and several other events, since 1958. But the UCI and IOC were slow to add them to the Olympic Program. Their race was a mass start race of 79.2 km., held in Mission Viejo. The men’s program was similar to previous years with one additional track race, the points race. Men also competed on the track in the kilometer time trial, match sprint, individual pursuit, and team pursuit. The track events were conducted at the Olympic Velodrome at California State University at Dominguez Hills. It was an outdoor velodrome, unlike in 1976 and 1980, and was specially built for the Olympics under the sponsorship of 7-Eleven, a chain of convenience stores. The 7-Eleven corporation would become the first company to sponsor an American professional road racing team (beginning in 1981), and in 1986, that team would become the first American team in the Tour de France and Giro d’Italia. The individual road race in 1984 was a mass start race of 190.2 km., held over the Artesia Freeway. The team time trial of 100 km. was also raced over the Artesia Freeway.
The other significant occurrence in cycling in 1984 was the absent nations due to the Soviet boycott. The Soviet Union was tough in several events, and on the track, the East Germans had the best sprinters in the world and probably the best pursuit team.