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Swimming at the 1980 Moskva Summer Games:

Women's 100 metres Backstroke

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Host City: Moskva, Soviet Union
Venue(s): Swimming Pool, Olympiysky Sports Complex, Moskva
Date Started: July 22, 1980
Date Finished: July 23, 1980

Gold: GDR Rica Reinisch
Silver: GDR Ina Kleber
Bronze: GDR Petra Riedel

Summary

East German Rica Reinisch equalled or broke the world record in this event three times in Moscow. She started with 1:01.51 to open the medley relay team, which equalled the world record of Ulrike Richter, set in Berlin in 1976. Then Reinisch swam 1:01.50 in the prelims to qualify first for the final. She then won the final in 1:00.86 to set a world record that lasted until 1984. Reinisch would also win the 200 backstroke in Moscow, adding a third gold medal in the medley relay. It was her only year at the top of international swimming, as her health was badly damaged by the steroids given to her by the East German authorities. She was later compensated by German authorities after this was revealed, and expressed regret at what might have been, “The worst thing is they took away from me the opportunity to ever know if I could have won the gold medals without the steroids. That's the greatest betrayal of all.”

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal
1 Rica Reinisch 15 East Germany GDR Gold WR
2 Ina Kleber 15 East Germany GDR Silver
3 Petra Riedel 15 East Germany GDR Bronze
4 Carmen Bunaciu 18 Romania ROU
5 Carine Verbauwen 18 Belgium BEL
6 Larisa Gorchakova 16 Soviet Union URS
7 Monique Bosga 19 Netherlands NED
8 Manuela Carosi 15 Italy ITA
2 h1 r1/2 Olena Kruhlova 18 Soviet Union URS
3 h1 r1/2 Georgina Parkes 15 Australia AUS
3 h2 r1/2 Lisa Forrest 16 Australia AUS
3 h4 r1/2 Teresa Rivera 14 Mexico MEX
4 h1 r1/2 Michèle Ricaud 19 France FRA
4 h2 r1/2 Jolanda de Rover 16 Netherlands NED
4 h3 r1/2 Yolande Van Der Straeten 14 Belgium BEL
4 h4 r1/2 Laura Foralosso 14 Italy ITA
5 h1 r1/2 Annika Uvehall 15 Sweden SWE
5 h2 r1/2 Joy Beasley 17 Great Britain GBR
5 h3 r1/2 Marianne Humpelstetter 15 Austria AUT
5 h4 r1/2 Ágnes Fodor 16 Hungary HUN
6 h1 r1/2 Soad Fezzani Libya LBA
6 h2 r1/2 María París 19 Costa Rica CRC
6 h3 r1/2 Michele Pessoa 17 Angola ANG
6 h4 r1/2 Helen Jameson 16 Great Britain GBR
7 h2 r1/2 Anabel Drousiotou 14 Cyprus CYP
7 h4 r1/2 Nguyễn Thị Hồng Bích 16 Vietnam VIE