Host City: Moskva, Soviet Union
Date Started: July 25, 1980
Date Finished: August 1, 1980
Participants: 68 (59 men and 9 women) from 11 countries
Youngest Participant: Jacek Daniluk (18 years, 328 days)
Oldest Participant: Petre Roşca (57 years, 283 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 8 athletes with 2 medals
Most Medals (Country): Soviet Union (8 medals)
The 1980 Olympic equestrian events were devastated by the American-led boycott, one of the few sports for which this was true, as almost all the world’s top riders came from countries that boycotted Moskva, or the equestrian competition, notably West Germany, Australia, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Only 11 nations compete at Moskva, with only 68 competitors. Alternative competitions were held for the boycotting nations at the same time as the Moskva Olympics, including the Rotterdam Show Jumping Festival; the International Dressage Festival at Goodwood, West Sussex, England; and the Fontainebleau Eventing Festival in Paris.
Most of the 1980 equestrian events were held at the Konnosportivny Kompleks Profsoyuzov, Bittsevsky Park, or the Trade Union’s Equestrian Complex in Bittsevsky Park. It was specially built for the 1980 Olympics and was later known as the Equestrian Complex Bitsa. The only event not held there was individual jumping which was contested at Lenin Stadium, the main Olympic Stadium.
As would be expected the Soviets dominated the competition, winning eight medals and three events. Mexico won three bronze medals. Italy and Poland won two medals, as seven nations won medals, including non-equestrian nations such as Bulgaria and Romania.