Host City: Montréal, Canada
Date Started: July 18, 1976
Date Finished: July 31, 1976
Participants: 266 (266 men and 0 women) from 54 countries
Youngest Participant: Carlos Betancourt (17 years, 46 days)
Oldest Participant: Muhammad Sadiq (41 years, 321 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 44 athletes with 1 medal
Most Medals (Country): Cuba (8 medals)
There was no change to the Olympic boxing program in 1976, with the boxers contesting 11 classes, as they had done in 1968 and 1972. The tournament was held at the Aréna Maurice Richard, an ice hockey arena that was re-formatted for Olympic boxing and wrestling. It had been built in 1962 and was named in honor of Maurice Richard, an NHL star of the 1950s for the Montréal Canadiens.
The boxing tournament was severely affected by the African boycott in 1976, as many top African boxers would have challenged for medals, and many early round bouts were not contested due to withdrawals. In their absence the tournament was dominated by the United States, as they won five gold medals, trailed by Cuba, which won three classes. World amateur boxing championships had been instituted in 1974, so amateur boxers now had more international experience and it was somewhat easier to choose favorites.