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1976 Montréal Summer Games

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Host City: Montréal, Canada (July 18, 1976 to August 1, 1976)
Opening Ceremony: July 17, 1976 (opened by Queen Elizabeth II)
Lighter of the Olympic Flame: Stéphane Prefontaine, Sandra Henderson
Takers of the Olympic Oath: Pierre St. Jean (athlete) and Maurice Fauget (official)
Closing Ceremony: August 1, 1976
Events: 198 in 23 sports

Participants: 6,073 (4,812 men and 1,260 women) from 92 countries
Youngest Participant: ESP Antonia Real (12 years, 311 days)
Oldest Participant: BIZ Owen Phillips (70 years, 11 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): URS Nikolay Andrianov (7 medals)
Most Medals (Country): URS Soviet Union (125 medals)

Overview

After the boycotts and the massacre of Munich, the IOC hoped for an Olympic revival at Montréal in 1976. But all their wishes were not fulfilled. The city of Montréal spent extravagantly to host the Games, leaving the citizens of Canada and Québec with a tax debt they would be repaying for years. Many of the structures planned for the Games were not finished on time or came in well over estimates, and several of them, notably the elaborate, though beautiful, velodrome, proved to be white elephants that would be of little used after the Olympics. The Games were dubbed the billion-dollar circus by the Canadian press. Mayor Jean Drapeau's efforts in hosting the Olympic were not appreciated by the Canadian citizenry.

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Country Medal Leaders

Rk Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Soviet Union 49 41 35 125
2 United States 34 35 25 94
3 East Germany 40 25 25 90
4 West Germany 10 12 17 39
5 Romania 4 9 14 27
6 Poland 7 6 13 26
7 Japan 9 6 10 25
8 Bulgaria 6 9 7 22
9 Hungary 4 5 13 22
10 Cuba 6 4 3 13
11 Great Britain 3 5 5 13
12 Italy 2 7 4 13
13 Canada 0 5 6 11
14 France 2 3 4 9
15 Yugoslavia 2 3 3 8
16 Czechoslovakia 2 2 4 8
17 Finland 4 2 0 6
18 South Korea 1 1 4 6
19 Belgium 0 3 3 6
20 Sweden 4 1 0 5
21 Netherlands 0 2 3 5
22 Australia 0 1 4 5
23 New Zealand 2 1 1 4
24 Switzerland 1 1 2 4
25 Denmark 1 0 2 3
26 Jamaica 1 1 0 2
27 North Korea 1 1 0 2
28 Norway 1 1 0 2
29 Mexico 1 0 1 2
30 Portugal 0 2 0 2
31 Spain 0 2 0 2
32 Iran 0 1 1 2
33 Brazil 0 0 2 2
34 Trinidad and Tobago 1 0 0 1
35 Venezuela 0 1 0 1
36 Mongolia 0 1 0 1
37 Thailand 0 0 1 1
38 Puerto Rico 0 0 1 1
39 Bermuda 0 0 1 1
40 Pakistan 0 0 1 1
41 Austria 0 0 1 1

Athlete Medal Leaders

Rk Athlete Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Nikolay Andrianov (URS) 4 2 1 7
2 Kornelia Ender (GDR) 4 1 0 5
3 John Naber (USA) 4 1 0 5
4 Nadia Comăneci (ROU) 3 1 1 5
5 Mitsuo Tsukahara (JPN) 2 1 2 5
6 Shirley Babashoff (USA) 1 4 0 5
7 Nelli Kim (URS) 3 1 0 4
8 Jim Montgomery (USA) 3 0 1 4
9 Andrea Pollack (GDR) 2 2 0 4
10 Lyudmila Turishcheva (URS) 1 2 1 4
11 Ulrike Richter (GDR) 3 0 0 3
12 Sawao Kato (JPN) 2 1 0 3
13 John Hencken (USA) 2 1 0 3
14 Eizo Kenmotsu (JPN) 1 2 0 3
15 Birgit Treiber (GDR) 1 2 0 3
16 Peter Rocca (USA) 1 2 0 3
17 Annegret Richter (FRG) 1 2 0 3
18 Wendy Boglioli (USA) 1 1 1 3
19 Renate Stecher (GDR) 1 1 1 3
20 Rüdiger Helm (GDR) 1 0 2 3
21 Teodora Ungureanu (ROU) 0 2 1 3

Sports