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Swimming at the 1968 Ciudad de México Summer Games:

Men's 100 metres Backstroke

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Host City: Ciudad de México, Mexico
Venue(s): Francisco Márquez Olympic Swimming Pool, Ciudad de México
Date Started: October 21, 1968
Date Finished: October 22, 1968

Gold: GDR Roland Matthes
Silver: USA Charlie Hickcox
Bronze: USA Ronnie Mills
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The top American was [Charles Hickcox] who had set two world records in the event in 1967. But the favorite was East German Roland Matthes who had lowered the world record to 58.4 in September 1967. Matthes was not to be beaten. He took the lead early and defeated Hickcox by 1.5 seconds. Behind Hickcox, Americans Ronnie Mills and Larry Barbiere placed 3-4. Three days later Matthews would add the 200 backstroke gold medal. In 1972 he returned to win the Olympic backstroke double-double, winning both the 100 and 200 again in Munich. He tried to make it a triple in the 100 in 1976, but placed third behind John Naber in Montréal. During his career Matthews set 16 long-course world records in the 100 and 200 backstrokes.

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal
1 Roland Matthes 17 East Germany GDR Gold OR
2 Charlie Hickcox 21 United States USA Silver
3 Ronnie Mills 17 United States USA Bronze
4 Larry Barbiere 17 United States USA
5 Jim Shaw 18 Canada CAN
6 Bob Schoutsen 17 Netherlands NED
7 Reinhard Blechert 21 West Germany FRG
8 Franco Del Campo 19 Italy ITA
4 h1 r2/3 Yuriy Hromak 20 Soviet Union URS
5 h1 r2/3 Franco Chino 20 Italy ITA
6 h1 r2/3 Danijel Vrhovšek 25 Yugoslavia YUG
6 h2 r2/3 Karl Byrom 17 Australia AUS
7 h1 r2/3 John Jackson 22 Great Britain GBR
7 h2 r2/3 Santiago Esteva 16 Spain ESP
8 h1 r2/3 Ejvind Pedersen 18 Denmark DEN
8 h2 r2/3 Viktor Mazanov 21 Soviet Union URS
2 h5 r1/3 Leonardo Baremboin 18 Argentina ARG
3 h3 r1/3 Roddy Jones 23 Great Britain GBR
3 h5 r1/3 László Cseh, Sr. 16 Hungary HUN
4 h1 r1/3 Luis Angel Acosta 20 Mexico MEX
4 h2 r1/3 Yevgeny Spiridonov 21 Soviet Union URS
4 h3 r1/3 José Joaquín Santibáñez 16 Mexico MEX
4 h5 r1/3 Hans Tegeback 18 Sweden SWE
4 h6 r1/3 Kishio Tanaka 22 Japan JPN
5 h1 r1/3 Friedrich Jokisch 15 El Salvador ESA
5 h2 r1/3 Jesús Cabrera 22 Spain ESP
5 h3 r1/3 Herman Verbauwen 24 Belgium BEL
5 h4 r1/3 Gerald Evard 20 Switzerland SUI
5 h5 r1/3 Jaime Rivera 19 Mexico MEX
5 h6 r1/3 César Filardi 22 Brazil BRA
6 h2 r1/3 Eliseo Vidal 17 Cuba CUB
6 h3 r1/3 Gary Goodner 17 Puerto Rico PUR
6 h4 r1/3 Arturo Carranza 15 El Salvador ESA
6 h5 r1/3 Francisco Ramis 17 Puerto Rico PUR
6 h6 r1/3 Antonio Cruz 16 Guatemala GUA
7 h2 r1/3 Ronnie Wong 16 Hong Kong HKG
7 h3 r1/3 Yacoub Masboungi 20 Lebanon LIB