Host City: Tokyo, Japan
Date Started: October 11, 1964
Date Finished: October 18, 1964
Participants: 405 (243 men and 162 women) from 42 countries
Youngest Participant: Molly Tay (12 years, 63 days)
Oldest Participant: Dieter Pfeifer (27 years, 319 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 4 athletes with 4 medals
Most Medals (Country): United States (29 medals)
The 1964 swimming events were held at the Kokuritsu Yoyogi Kyogijo, or the Yoyogi National Stadium. It was built specifically for the 1964 Olympics and still exists, although it is now used primarily for basketball, futsal, and ice hockey competition.
Both the men’s and women’s programs were expanded in 1964. The men’s program now consisted of 10 events, with the 400 individual medley and the 4x100 metre freestyle relay added. In addition, the 100 metre backstroke was eliminated, but was replaced by the 200 metre backstroke. Women had 8 events in 1964, adding the 400 individual medley.
The United States dominance in 1964 swimming was almost complete, winning 13 of 18 gold medals, and 29 of 54 available medals. Their men won 7 of 10 events and 14 of 30 medals, while the US women won 6 of 8 events and 15 of 24 medals.
[Don Schollander] (USA) was the swim star of the 1964 Olympics, winning four gold medals, even though his best event, the 200 freestyle, was not yet on the Olympic Program. Two other Americans, [Sharon Stouder] and [Steve Clark], won three gold medals. Three swimmers besides Schollander won four medals – Stouder, [Kathy Ellis] (USA), and [Hans-Joachim Klein] (GER).
|Men's 100 metres Freestyle||Don Schollander||Bobby McGregor||Hans-Joachim Klein|
|Men's 400 metres Freestyle||Don Schollander||Frank Wiegand||Allan Wood|
|Men's 1,500 metres Freestyle||Bob Windle||John Nelson||Allan Wood|
|Men's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay||United States||Germany||Australia|
|Men's 4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay||United States||Germany||Japan|
|Men's 200 metres Backstroke||Jed Graef||Gary Dilley||Bob Bennett|
|Men's 200 metres Breaststroke||Ian O'Brien||Heorhiy Prokopenko||Chet Jastremski|
|Men's 200 metres Butterfly||Kevin Berry||Carl Robie||Fred Schmidt|
|Men's 400 metres Individual Medley||Dick Roth||Roy Saari||Gerhard Hetz|
|Men's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay||United States||Germany||Australia|
|Women's 100 metres Freestyle||Dawn Fraser||Sharon Stouder||Kathy Ellis|
|Women's 400 metres Freestyle||Ginny Duenkel||Marilyn Ramenofsky||Terri Lee Stickles|
|Women's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay||United States||Australia||Netherlands|
|Women's 100 metres Backstroke||Cathy Ferguson||Kiki Caron||Ginny Duenkel|
|Women's 200 metres Breaststroke||Halyna Prozumenshchykova-Stepanova||Claudia Kolb||Svetlana Babanina|
|Women's 100 metres Butterfly||Sharon Stouder||Ada Kok||Kathy Ellis|
|Women's 400 metres Individual Medley||Donna de Varona||Sharon Finneran||Martha Randall|
|Women's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay||United States||Netherlands||Soviet Union|