Host City: Roma, Italy
Date Started: September 5, 1960
Date Finished: September 10, 1960
Participants: 159 (151 men and 8 women) from 29 countries
Youngest Participant: Min Gwan-Gi (18 years, 74 days)
Oldest Participant: Lilian Williams (65 years, 88 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 5 athletes with 2 medals
Most Medals (Country): 3 countries with 3 medals
The individual jumping and dressage took place at the Piazza di Siena at the Villa Borghese Gardens, which were among the largest public parks in Roma. The gardens were started in 1605, when Cardinal Scipione Borghese, nephew of Pope Paul V and patron of Bernini, began converting a former vineyard. Team jumping took place on the final day of the Games at the Stadio Olimpico. The eventing endurance contest took place at the Centro Equestre Federale, or Federal Equestrian Center, in Pratoni del Vivaro, situated in the town of Rocca di Papa, a small commune in Roma Province. The course was absurdly difficult and two horses died during this phase.
The Olympic Equestrian Program was the same every year from 1928-2012, with one exception, that being 1960, as a team dressage event was not contested in 1960. Dressage judging had been controversial in 1956 and the event was threatened with removal from the Olympics, but only the team event was affected. Women competed again in dressage and show jumping, but were still not permitted to compete in eventing.
Eight nations won equestrian medals in Roma, with Australia, Italy and Switzerland all winning three, although Australia was the only nation to win two gold medals.