Host City: Melbourne, Australia
Venue(s): Olympic Park Swimming and Diving Stadium, Melbourne, Victoria
Date Started: November 30, 1956
Date Finished: December 6, 1956
For the first time at the Olympics, breaststroke and butterfly were split into separate disciplines, but they still generated controversy as nearly a third of the entrants were disqualified for using illegal strokes.The most notable of those excluded being 1952 medallist [Herbert Klein], who was punished after winning one of the heats.
Japan returned to breaststroke swimming pre-eminence in 1956. Japan had dominated in the immediate pre-war years but had failed to win a medal in the event for 20 years.
[Masaru Furukawa] won gold using a technique that kept him underwater for more than a quarter of the race with his slightly more visible teammate [Masahiro Yoshimura] narrowly defeating [Kharis Yunichev] to the silver medal. Yunichev was the first Soviet swimmer to claim an Olympic medal.
|3||Kharis Yunichev||25||Soviet Union||URS||Bronze|
|5||Ihor Zaseda||24||Soviet Union||URS|
|AC r2/2||Hugues Broussard||France||FRA||DQ|
|3 h1 r1/2||Farid Dosaiev||23||Soviet Union||URS|
|4 h1 r1/2||Louis Kozma||18||Belgium||BEL|
|4 h2 r1/2||René Kohn||23||Luxembourg||LUX|
|4 h3 r1/2||Gilbert Desmit||19||Belgium||BEL|
|5 h1 r1/2||Shamsher Khan||India||IND|
|5 h2 r1/2||István Szivós, Sr.||36||Hungary||HUN|
|5 h3 r1/2||Christopher Walkden||18||Great Britain||GBR|
|6 h3 r1/2||Bob Hughes||25||United States||USA|
|AC h1 r1/2||Octavio Mobiglia||25||Brazil||BRA||DQ|
|AC h1 r1/2||Palsons Naibula||Philippines||PHI||DQ|
|AC h2 r1/2||Álvaro Gómez||Colombia||COL||DQ|
|AC h2 r1/2||Herbert Klein||33||Germany||GER||DQ|
|AC h3 r1/2||Ghulam Rasul||Pakistan||PAK||DQ|