Host City: Melbourne, Australia
Venue(s): Olympic Park Swimming and Diving Stadium, Melbourne, Victoria
Date Started: November 30, 1956
Date Finished: December 6, 1956
For the first time at the Olympics, breaststroke and butterfly were split into separate disciplines, but they still generated controversy as nearly a third of the entrants were disqualified for using illegal strokes.The most notable of those excluded being 1952 medallist Herbert Klein, who was punished after winning one of the heats.
Japan returned to breaststroke swimming pre-eminence in 1956. Japan had dominated in the immediate pre-war years but had failed to win a medal in the event for 20 years.
Masaru Furukawa won gold using a technique that kept him underwater for more than a quarter of the race with his slightly more visible teammate Masahiro Yoshimura narrowly defeating Kharis Yunichev to the silver medal. Yunichev was the first Soviet swimmer to claim an Olympic medal.
|3||Kharis Yunichev||25||Soviet Union||URS||Bronze|
|5||Ihor Zaseda||24||Soviet Union||URS|
|AC r2/2||Hugues Broussard||France||FRA||DQ|
|3 h1 r1/2||Farid Dosaiev||23||Soviet Union||URS|
|4 h1 r1/2||Louis Kozma||18||Belgium||BEL|
|4 h2 r1/2||René Kohn||23||Luxembourg||LUX|
|4 h3 r1/2||Gilbert Desmit||19||Belgium||BEL|
|5 h1 r1/2||Shamsher Khan||India||IND|
|5 h2 r1/2||István Szivós, Sr.||36||Hungary||HUN|
|5 h3 r1/2||Christopher Walkden||18||Great Britain||GBR|
|6 h3 r1/2||Bob Hughes||25||United States||USA|
|AC h1 r1/2||Octavio Mobiglia||33||Brazil||BRA||DQ|
|AC h1 r1/2||Palsons Naibula||Philippines||PHI||DQ|
|AC h2 r1/2||Álvaro Gómez||Colombia||COL||DQ|
|AC h2 r1/2||Herbert Klein||33||Germany||GER||DQ|
|AC h3 r1/2||Ghulam Rasul||Pakistan||PAK||DQ|