Host City: Helsinki, Finland
Date Started: July 28, 1952
Date Finished: August 2, 1952
Participants: 134 (130 men and 4 women) from 25 countries
Youngest Participant: Champ Hough (18 years, 89 days)
Oldest Participant: Kristian Jensen (63 years, 126 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 5 athletes with 2 medals
Most Medals (Country): Germany and Sweden (4 medals)
The biggest news in 1952 Olympic equestrianism was the change in the eligibility rules. Prior to 1952 equestrian competitors had to be military officers, and this was highlighted in 1948 when Sweden’s Gehnäll Persson was found to be “only” a sergeant, and he and his Swedish team was disqualified in the dressage. Beginning in Helsinki equestrian competitors no longer had to be officers, nor did they have to be in the military. Further, women were allowed to compete in 1952 in the dressage, and four did, and in coming years, all the equestrian events would be opened to women.
As was common in this era, the show jumping competition took place in the main Olympic Stadium. The dressage was held at the Ruskeasuon liikuntapuisto, or Ruskeasuo Sports Park, while the eventing cross-country took place at Hämeenkylä. The program was the standard of individual and team events in dressage, eventing, and show jumping.
Sweden was the top nation in equestrianism in 1952, winning four gold medals and four medals in all. Germany also won four medals, with a silver and three bronze, while France won three medals, one of each color.