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1952 Helsinki Summer Games

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Host City: Helsinki, Finland (July 14, 1952 to August 3, 1952)
Opening Ceremony: July 19, 1952 (opened by President Juho Kusti Paasikivi)
Lighter of the Olympic Flame: Hannes Kolehmainen
Taker of the Olympic Oath: Heikki Savolainen (athlete)
Closing Ceremony: August 3, 1952
Events: 149 in 19 sports

Participants: 4,932 (4,411 men and 521 women) from 69 countries
Youngest Participant: USA William Horton, Jr. (13 years, 57 days)
Oldest Participant: GBR Charles Lucas (66 years, 7 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): URS Mariya Horokhovska (7 medals)
Most Medals (Country): USA United States (76 medals)

Overview

In 1952, the biggest news from Helsinki was that the Soviets were coming. After the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, the USSR had not competed in the Olympics until the Helsinki Games. The world braced for the athletic battles between the Soviet Union and the United States – in effect, a cold-war Olympics. The Soviets were accorded one rather unusual allowance. They were set up in a separate Olympic Village and housed only with athletes from the Eastern Bloc countries of Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, and Czechoslovakia.

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Country Medal Leaders

Rk Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States 40 19 17 76
2 Soviet Union 22 30 19 71
3 Hungary 16 10 16 42
4 Sweden 12 13 10 35
5 Germany 0 7 17 24
6 Finland 6 3 13 22
7 Italy 8 9 4 21
8 France 6 6 6 18
9 Switzerland 2 6 6 14
10 Czechoslovakia 7 3 3 13
11 Australia 6 2 3 11
12 Great Britain 1 2 8 11
13 South Africa 2 4 4 10
14 Japan 1 6 2 9
15 Iran 0 3 4 7
16 Denmark 2 1 3 6
17 Norway 3 2 0 5
18 Jamaica 2 3 0 5
19 Argentina 1 2 2 5
20 Netherlands 0 5 0 5
21 Belgium 2 2 0 4
22 Poland 1 2 1 4
23 Romania 1 1 2 4
24 Turkey 2 0 1 3
25 Canada 1 2 0 3
26 Yugoslavia 1 2 0 3
27 New Zealand 1 0 2 3
28 Brazil 1 0 2 3
29 India 1 0 1 2
30 Chile 0 2 0 2
31 Austria 0 1 1 2
32 Lebanon 0 1 1 2
33 South Korea 0 0 2 2
34 Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 2 2
35 Uruguay 0 0 2 2
36 Luxembourg 1 0 0 1
37 Ireland 0 1 0 1
38 Spain 0 1 0 1
39 Mexico 0 1 0 1
40 Portugal 0 0 1 1
41 Bulgaria 0 0 1 1
42 Venezuela 0 0 1 1
43 Egypt 0 0 1 1

Athlete Medal Leaders

Rk Athlete Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Mariya Horokhovska (URS) 2 5 0 7
2 Viktor Chukarin (URS) 4 2 0 6
3 Margit Korondi (HUN) 1 1 4 6
4 Edoardo Mangiarotti (ITA) 2 2 0 4
5 Nina Bocharova (URS) 2 2 0 4
6 Hrant Shahinyan (URS) 2 2 0 4
7 Ágnes Keleti (HUN) 1 1 2 4
8 Sepp Stalder (SUI) 0 2 2 4
9 Emil Zátopek (TCH) 3 0 0 3
10 Yekaterina Kalinchuk (URS) 2 1 0 3
11 Ford Konno (USA) 2 1 0 3
12 Éva Gérard-Novák (HUN) 1 2 0 3
13 Herb McKenley (JAM) 1 2 0 3
14 Aladár Gerevich (HUN) 1 1 1 3
15 Galina Minaicheva (URS) 1 1 1 3
16 Hans Eugster (SUI) 1 1 1 3
17 Tibor Berczelly (HUN) 1 0 2 3
18 Aleksandra Chudina (URS) 0 2 1 3
19 Yrjö Hietanen (FIN) 2 0 0 2
20 Kurt Wires (FIN) 2 0 0 2
21 Henri Saint Cyr (SWE) 2 0 0 2
22 Hans von Blixen-Finecke, Jr. (SWE) 2 0 0 2
23 Russell Mockridge (AUS) 2 0 0 2
24 André Noyelle (BEL) 2 0 0 2
25 Christian d'Oriola (FRA) 2 0 0 2
26 Pál Kovács (HUN) 2 0 0 2
27 Katalin Szőke (HUN) 2 0 0 2
28 Pat McCormick (USA) 2 0 0 2
29 Marjorie Jackson (AUS) 2 0 0 2
30 George Rhoden (JAM) 2 0 0 2
31 Harrison Dillard (USA) 2 0 0 2
32 Lindy Remigino (USA) 2 0 0 2
33 Andy Stanfield (USA) 2 0 0 2
34 Thorvald Strömberg (FIN) 1 1 0 2
35 Gert Fredriksson (SWE) 1 1 0 2
36 Lionel Cox (AUS) 1 1 0 2
37 Robert Grondelaers (BEL) 1 1 0 2
38 Marino Morettini (ITA) 1 1 0 2
39 Dario Mangiarotti (ITA) 1 1 0 2
40 Pelageya Danilova (URS) 1 1 0 2
41 Medeya Jugeli (URS) 1 1 0 2
42 Galina Shamray (URS) 1 1 0 2
43 Galina Urbanovich (URS) 1 1 0 2
44 Jack Günthard (SUI) 1 1 0 2
45 Yevgeny Korolkov (URS) 1 1 0 2
46 Gábor Benedek (HUN) 1 1 0 2
47 Lars Hall (SWE) 1 1 0 2
48 Arthur Wint (JAM) 1 1 0 2
49 Charles Moore (USA) 1 1 0 2
50 Mal Whitfield (USA) 1 1 0 2
51 Dmytro Leonkin (URS) 1 0 1 2
52 István Szondy (HUN) 1 0 1 2
53 Jean Boiteux (FRA) 1 0 1 2
54 Judit Temes (HUN) 1 0 1 2
55 Shirley Strickland de la Hunty (AUS) 1 0 1 2
56 Óscar Cristi (CHI) 0 2 0 2
57 Tommy Shardelow (RSA) 0 2 0 2
58 Renzo Nostini (ITA) 0 2 0 2
59 Giorgio Pellini (ITA) 0 2 0 2
60 Hiroshi Suzuki (JPN) 0 2 0 2
61 Hannie Termeulen (NED) 0 2 0 2
62 Alain Mimoun (FRA) 0 2 0 2
63 Willi Büsing (GER) 0 1 1 2
64 Ray Robinson (RSA) 0 1 1 2
65 Manlio Di Rosa (ITA) 0 1 1 2
66 Andrea Bodó-Molnár (HUN) 0 1 1 2
67 Erzsébet Gulyás-Köteles (HUN) 0 1 1 2
68 Irén Karcsis-Daruházi (HUN) 0 1 1 2
69 Mária Kövi-Zalai (HUN) 0 1 1 2
70 Olga Tass-Lemhényi (HUN) 0 1 1 2
71 Edit Weckinger-Perényi (HUN) 0 1 1 2
72 Tadao Uesako (JPN) 0 1 1 2
73 Boris Andreyev (URS) 0 1 1 2
74 Maria Sander (GER) 0 1 1 2
75 Ollie Matson (USA) 0 1 1 2
76 Egon Drews (GER) 0 0 2 2
77 Wilfried Soltau (GER) 0 0 2 2
78 Fritz Thiedemann (GER) 0 0 2 2
79 Oswald Zappelli (SUI) 0 0 2 2
80 Evelyn Kawamoto (USA) 0 0 2 2
81 Heinz Ulzheimer (GER) 0 0 2 2

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