Host City: London, Great Britain
Date Started: August 9, 1948
Date Finished: August 13, 1948
Participants: 103 (103 men and 0 women) from 17 countries
Youngest Participant: Aëcio Coelho (23 years, 100 days)
Oldest Participant: Alessandro, Count Bettoni Cazzago (55 years, 270 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): Frank Henry and Humberto Mariles (3 medals)
Most Medals (Country): Mexico and France (4 medals)
The 1948 show jumping competition took place at Wembley in the main Olympic Stadium. Dressage and the three-day event were held in and around Central Stadium at the Aldershot Military Complex, which was the home ground of the British Army’s football and rugby teams, and was about 60 km from London. The 1948 equestrian program was the standard, with team and individual events in dressage, show jumping, and the three-day event.
Eight nations won equestrian medals at London in 1948, led by France and Mexico with four each, both winning two golds and one silver and bronze, while Sweden and the United States won three medals. Sweden would have one more medal, and gold, except for the eligibility rules in 1948.
This was the last Olympics at which equestrian dressage competitors were required to be military officers. No women were allowed, no civilians, and non-officers in the military were not allowed. In the team dressage, Sweden appeared to have won an easy gold medal until it was later discovered that Gehnäll Persson was not an officer, but had only received a titular promotion before the Olympics to allow him to compete in London. Sweden was then disqualified. In 1949 the IOC changed this rule and in 1952 the Olympic equestrian events were all open to civilians and the events were also gradually opened to women, although not in all events in 1952.