Host City: Berlin, Germany
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Imperial Sports Field, Berlin
Date Started: August 8, 1936
Date Finished: August 15, 1936
Format: Series of round-robin elimination pools, followed by round-robin semi-final pools, and then round-robin final pools.
Hungary was the clear favorite, having won four straight European Championships, the most recent in 1934, and was the defending champion. Their biggest challenge was expected to come from the host Germans, runner-up in 1932, champions in 1928, and silver medalist at the Europeans in 1931 and 1934. The four first round groups were won Hungary, Germany, Austria, and Belgium. In the semi-finals, Hungary won Group A and Germany Group B, as both favorites made it to the final round without losing a game. When the two favorites met it resulted in a 2-2 tie, and the pool ended with both teams winning one other game, losing one other, and carrying over a win from the previous rounds, but Hungary won the gold medal on goal differential. Belgium took bronze, their sixth Olympic medal in the sport, but with no golds. It was also their last Olympic water polo medal, at least through 2008.