Host City: Berlin, Germany
Date Started: August 3, 1936
Date Finished: August 15, 1936
Participants: 201 (201 men and 0 women) from 16 countries
Youngest Participant: Abdel-Karim Sakr (15 years, 112 days)
Oldest Participant: William Kanerva (33 years, 251 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 41 athletes with 1 medal
Most Medals (Country): 3 countries with 1 medal
Football was on the Olympic Program at every Olympics from 1900-28, but it was not be on the Olympic Program at the 1932 Olympics. In February 1928 FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) voted to contest a World Cup competition, open to all players, beginning in 1930. FIFA was no longer pleased that the IOC controlled Olympic football, and that the amateur rules for the Olympics prevented many of the best football players from competing. Due to the dispute between the IOC and FIFA over Olympic eligibility, with FIFA playing hardball as they tried to establish the World Cup as the premier football tournament, football would not be contested at the 1932 Olympics.
However, football returned in 1936 as the IOC and FIFA worked out their differences, but the Olympic event was strictly amateur, as it would remain until the 1980s. Because of this several European countries withdrew their entries, as did most of the South American teams, with only Peru, hardly a football power, competing from South America.
Sixteen nations eventually competed in a single-elimination tournament, which fit nicely, with Italy winning the gold medal in a 2-1 extra-time victory over Austria in the final match. The tournament was contested at four sites around Berlin – Olympiastadion on the Reichssportfeld (the main Olympic Stadium); Mommsenstadion; Poststadion; and Hertha-Berliner-Sport-Club-Platz.