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Athletics at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games:

Women's High Jump

Athletics at the 1936 Summer Games: Previous Summer Games ▪ Next Summer Games

Events:
Phases:

Host City: Berlin, Germany
Venue(s): Olympic Stadium, Imperial Sports Field, Berlin
Date Started: August 9, 1936
Date Finished: August 9, 1936
Format: Final only.

Gold: HUN Ibolya Csák
Silver: GBR Dorothy Odam-Tyler
Bronze: GER Elfriede Kaun

Summary

The leading jumper in 1936 was Britain's Dorothy Odam, who won the WAAA Championship with 1.65 (5-5), equaling the world record although it was never ratified. There were no tie-breaking rules based on attempts in 1936. Thus, Odam, Elfriede Kaun (GER), and Ibolya Csák (HUN) were tied after they all cleared 1.60 (5-3) and missed at 1.62 (5-3¾), although Odam cleared on her first attempt, Csák on her second, and Kaun on her third. A jump-off took place and Csák won the gold medal by clearing 1.62 (5-3¾) on her first attempt. Kaun and Odam jumped-off for the silver medal and Odam won the silver by clearing 1.60 (5-3).

After Odam, the highest mark of the year belonged to Gretel Bergmann of Germany, who had cleared 1.64 (5-4½) at the German Trials. But Bergmann was a Jew and the German Olympic Committee refused to place her on the team and only two German “women” competed. One was Kaun, while the other was Dora Ratjen, who placed fourth. However, after setting three world records in 1937 and 1938, Ratjen was revealed later that year to be a hermaphrodite – having mixed sexual characteristics. That seemed to be the end of it until the late 50s when Ratjen revealed “she” was really Heinrich Ratjen (listed for many years as Hermann Ratjen), and had been ordered by the Third Reich to compete as a woman to try to bring a gold medal to the Nazis.

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal H
1 Ibolya Csák 21 Hungary HUN Gold 1.60
2 Dorothy Odam-Tyler 16 Great Britain GBR Silver 1.60
3 Elfriede Kaun 21 Germany GER Bronze 1.60
4T Dora Ratjen 17 Germany GER 1.58
4T Marguerite Nicolas 20 France FRA 1.58
6T Fanny Blankers-Koen 18 Netherlands NED 1.55
6T Annette Rogers 22 United States USA 1.55
6T Doris Carter 24 Australia AUS 1.55
9T Alice Arden 22 United States USA 1.50
9T Kathlyn Kelley 16 United States USA 1.50
9T Margaret Bell 19 Canada CAN 1.50
9T Wanda Nowak 23 Austria AUT 1.50
9T Nellie Carrington 19 Great Britain GBR 1.50
14T Catherine Stevens 18 Belgium BEL 1.40
14T Tini Koopmans 24 Netherlands NED 1.40
14T Junko Nishida 20 Japan JPN 1.40
17 Irja Lipasti 30 Finland FIN 1.30