Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Date Started: July 6, 1912
Date Finished: July 15, 1912
Participants: 170 (170 men and 0 women) from 18 countries
Youngest Participant: Lennart Lind (19 years, 13 days)
Oldest Participant: Risto Mustonen (37 years, 73 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 15 athletes with 1 medal
Most Medals (Country): Finland (7 medals)
Wrestling was a very popular sport in Sweden in 1912, but only in the Græco-Roman form of the sport. In 1908 at London, Olympic competition had been conducted in both Græco-Roman and catch-as-catch-can (freestyle) events, but the Swedes planned Olympic competition only in the Græco-Roman style for the 1912 Olympics. At the 12th IOC Session in Budapest in 1911, Luxembourgeois IOC Member Jean-Maurice Pescatore suggested that freestyle should also be included on the program but he was voted down.
Wrestling was conducted on three 5 x 5 metre mats in the Olympic Stadium, exposing the wrestlers to the hot sun throughout the matches. A small nearby enclosure was used as a reserve arena in the event of rain, and a few bouts did take place there. The bouts were in 30-minute rounds, with three judges. After each 30-minute round, the judges could declare a winner or order another round, with no limit to the number of rounds. In the event that neither wrestler was aggressive enough, the judges could declare both wrestlers to have lost (today called disqualification due to passivity).
Sweden’s neighbor, Finland, was the dominant nation in wrestling at Stockholm, winning three of the five classes, and seven medals, including at least one medal in every class.