Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Date Started: July 6, 1912
Date Finished: July 18, 1912
Participants: 185 (185 men and 0 women) from 16 countries
Youngest Participant: Nedo Nadi (18 years, 27 days)
Oldest Participant: Karl Münich (63 years, 323 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 8 athletes with 2 medals
Most Medals (Country): Hungary (4 medals)
Fencing is one of the few sports that has been conducted on the program of every Olympic Games of the modern era, and 1912 was no exception. But the sport was controversial in 1912, as the French and Italians, who were the dominant nations in foil and épée fencing, did not agree with the rules for the competitions. The French responded by withdrawing from the Olympic competition, and sent no competitors to Stockholm. Italy withdrew only from the épée events.
From the point of view of this book, fencing has been the most difficult sport in terms of finding the complete results. The Official Report appears to contain almost complete results, but these are but a façade. The Official Report seems to have listed all the entrants in the results of the pools of the individual events, whether or not they competed. Programs and entries for the fencing events are available and seem to give the same entry lists as the result summaries of the Official Report, supporting the contention that the final results therein are not accurate.
Several sources have been searched to find the full fencing results, but not with complete success. The following results are based mainly on the British sporting newspaper, The Field, which gave the most detailed summaries. The Field is our only relatively complete source. Where it differs from the Official Report, we were able to check the results against a few other sources from 1912, notably Austrian sporting journals (Allgemeine Sport Zeitung) and Hungarian newspaper sources, and they invariably supported The Field, and not the Official Report. But many questions remain, including the exact make-up of the teams in certain pools in the team events. Still, we think these results are the most accurate yet published for the 1912 Olympic fencing competitions. Because these results are so different than usually seen, we have not diligently footnoted other sources, as we have done with all other sports. Suffice it to say that we have examined the usual sources - Kamper, Kluge, Mező, Wallechinsky, and Wasner, but we have instead relied on primary 1912 sources for our information.