Host City: Athina, Greece
Date Started: April 23, 1906
Date Finished: April 25, 1906
Participants: 45 (45 men and 0 women) from 11 countries
Youngest Participant: Federico Della Ferrera (18 years, 294 days)
Oldest Participant: Adolf Böhm (35 years, 30 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): Fernand Vast and Francesco Verri (3 medals)
Most Medals (Country): France (7 medals)
Cycling events at the 1906 Olympic Games were held in the Neo Phaliron Velodrome. This was the same site at which the 1896 Olympic cycling events were held. The velodrome was 333.3 meters long or one-third of a kilometer and the cyclists had numerous complaints, because the curves had very minimal banks. In 1906 there were six cycling events conducted, five track events at the velodrome, and a "marathon" road race which was held over the marathon running course, in which the cyclists started from Athens, rode to Marathon and then returned to Athens along the same course. This made the course approximately 84 kilometers in length, or twice as long as the running marathon.
The 1906 Olympic Games cycling events were dominated by the Italian cyclist, Francesco Verri, who won three gold medals - in the match sprint, the one lap time trial, and the 5000-meter track race. Verri was not well-known prior to the Olympics but later in 1906, in Geneva, he became the world champion in the match sprint. Further details of his cycling career are not well-known. He never finished third or better in any other world championship event or Italian championship after 1906.
The top amateur cyclist in the world in 1906 was likely Britain's Leon Meredith, who was world champion in 1904-05, 1907-09, 1911 and 1913 in the motor-paced event. Meredith also won seven British championships between 1902 and 1908. He was not in Athens with the British cyclists.