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1896 Athina Summer Games

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Host City: Athina, Greece (April 6, 1896 to April 13, 1896)
Opening Ceremony: April 6, 1896 (opened by King Giorgios I)
Closing Ceremony: April 15, 1896
Events: 43 in 9 sports

Participants: 176 (176 men and 0 women) from 12 countries
Youngest Participant: GRE Dimitrios Loundras (10 years, 216 days)
Oldest Participant: USA Charles Waldstein (40 years, 10 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): GER Hermann Weingärtner (6 medals)
Most Medals (Country): GRE Greece (47 medals)

Overview

The obvious choice for the first modern Olympics was Greece and the 1896 Olympics were awarded to Athens at the end of the 1894 Sorbonne Congress at which Pierre de Coubertin convinced the delegates to reestablish the Olympic Games. The city of Athens embraced the Games, but the politicians were initially ambivalent, and in fact, in some correspondence reveals that they asked to be relieved of their duty to host. Only through the efforts of Coubertin and IOC President [Demetrios Vikelas], were the politicians convinced to lend their support to the project. Coubertin addressed a meeting of the Parnassus Literary Society, and finished by telling them, "We French have a proverb that says that the word 'impossible' is not in the French language. I have been told this morning that the word is Greek. I do not believe it." Credit for saving the 1896 Olympic Games for Athens must go to Greek Crown Prince Konstantinos, who headed the Organizing Committee and lent his considerable prestige behind the Athens Games. And although money was short, a last minute donation of 920,000 drachmas by [Giorgios Averof] allowed the ancient Panathenaic Stadium (built in 330 B.C.) to be refurbished and used for the Olympics.

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Country Medal Leaders

Rk Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Greece 10 18 19 47
2 United States 11 7 2 20
3 Germany 6 5 2 13
4 France 5 4 2 11
5 Great Britain 2 3 2 7
6 Hungary 2 1 3 6
7 Denmark 1 2 3 6
8 Austria 2 1 2 5
9 Switzerland 1 2 0 3
10 Australia 2 0 0 2
11 Mixed team 1 0 1 2

Athlete Medal Leaders

Rk Athlete Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Hermann Weingärtner (GER) 3 2 1 6
2 Carl Schuhmann (GER) 4 0 0 4
3 Alfred Flatow (GER) 3 1 0 4
4 Bob Garrett (USA) 2 2 0 4
5 Paul Masson (FRA) 3 0 0 3
6 Teddy Flack (AUS) 2 0 1 3
7 Louis Zutter (SUI) 1 2 0 3
8 Léon Flameng (FRA) 1 1 1 3
9 Viggo Jensen (DEN) 1 1 1 3
10 Ioannis Frangoudis (GRE) 1 1 1 3
11 James B. Connolly (USA) 1 1 1 3
12 Adolf Schmal (AUT) 1 0 2 3
13 Holger Nielsen (DEN) 0 1 2 3
14 John Pius Boland (GBR) 2 0 0 2
15 Conrad Böcker (GER) 2 0 0 2
16 Georg Hilmar (GER) 2 0 0 2
17 Fritz Manteuffel (GER) 2 0 0 2
18 Karl Neukirch (GER) 2 0 0 2
19 Richard Röstel (GER) 2 0 0 2
20 Gustav Schuft (GER) 2 0 0 2
21 Alfréd Hajós (HUN) 2 0 0 2
22 Gustav Flatow (GER) 2 0 0 2
23 Tom Burke (USA) 2 0 0 2
24 Ellery Clark (USA) 2 0 0 2
25 Georgios Orfanidis (GRE) 1 1 0 2
26 Sumner Paine (USA) 1 1 0 2
27 Launceston Elliot (GBR) 1 1 0 2
28 Dimitrios Kasdaglis (GRE) 0 2 0 2
29 Stamatios Nikolopoulos (GRE) 0 2 0 2
30 Fritz Hofmann (GER) 0 1 1 2
31 Sotirios Versis (GRE) 0 0 2 2

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