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Zus Philipsen-Braun

Full name: Maria Johanna "Zus" Philipsen-Braun
Gender: Female
Height: 5-6.5 (170 cm)
Born: June 22, 1911 in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
Died: June 23, 1982 in Gouda, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
Affiliations: ODZ, Rotterdam (NED)
Country: NED Netherlands
Sport: Swimming

Medals: 1 Gold, 1 Silver (2 Total)

Biography

Marie Braun was the daughter of Marie Braun-Voorwinde, known as "Ma" Braun. Her mother was a dominant and successful coach, involved with Dutch women's swimming from the mid-1920s until her death in 1956. Her daughter, who was also a decent diver and water polo player, achieved her first great success in 1927, winning the European title in the 400 m freestyle, in addition to two silver medals, one in the 100 m backstroke and one in the 4×100 m freestyle (with Truus Klapwijk, Rie Vierdag, and the non-Olympian Wilhelmine den Turk). One year later, Braun became the first Dutch swimming champion by winning the 100 m backstroke in Amsterdam, while also taking silver in the 400 freestyle. Nicknamed "Zus" (Sis), she won three more European titles in 1931, 400 m freestyle, 100 m backstroke, 4×100 m freestyle (with Truus Baumeister, Rie Vierdag, and Willy den Ouden), and Braun was favoured to medal in Los Angeles. After qualifying for the 400 m freestyle final, Braun had to be taken to hospital with a fever, officially because of an "insect bite". She herself thought people favouring American Eleanor Holm might have tried to eliminate her. The incident ended Braun's career, in which she bettered six World Records (three times in the 100 backstroke) and 14 Dutch titles (of which 7 in 1927).

Results

Games Age City Sport Event Team NOC Rank Medal
1928 Summer 16 Amsterdam Swimming Women's 400 metres Freestyle Netherlands NED 2 Silver
1928 Summer 16 Amsterdam Swimming Women's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay Netherlands NED AC r2/2 DQ
1928 Summer 16 Amsterdam Swimming Women's 100 metres Backstroke Netherlands NED 1 Gold
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Swimming Women's 400 metres Freestyle Netherlands NED 2 h2 r1/3
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Swimming Women's 100 metres Backstroke Netherlands NED 1 h3 r1/2

Women's 400 metres Freestyle

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T
1928 Summer 16 Amsterdam Swimming Netherlands Final 2 5:57.8
1928 Summer 16 Amsterdam Swimming Netherlands Semi-Finals Heat Two 1 QU 5:54.6
1928 Summer 16 Amsterdam Swimming Netherlands Round One Heat Four 1 QU 5:53.8
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Swimming Netherlands Round One Heat Two 2 QU 5:50.5

Women's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank T
1928 Summer 16 Amsterdam Swimming Netherlands NED Final AC DQ
1928 Summer 16 Amsterdam Swimming Netherlands NED Round One Heat One 2 QU 5:08.8

Women's 100 metres Backstroke

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T
1928 Summer 16 Amsterdam Swimming Netherlands Final 1 1:22.0
1928 Summer 16 Amsterdam Swimming Netherlands Round One Heat Two 1 QU/WR 1:21.6
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Swimming Netherlands Round One Heat Three 1 QU 1:23.8
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