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Michael Phelps

Full name: Michael Fred Phelps, II
Nickname(s): The Baltimore Bullet
Gender: Male
Height: 6'4" (193 cm)
Weight: 196 lbs (89 kg)
Born: June 30, 1985 in Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Affiliations: NBAC, Baltimore (USA) / Michigan Wolverines, Ann Arbor (USA)
Country: USA United States
Sport: Swimming

Medals: 18 Gold, 2 Silver, 2 Bronze (22 Total)

Biography

Michael Phelps' performances at the 2004 and 2008 Olympics have brought him strong consideration as the greatest ever Olympian. He has surpassed the records of Mark Spitz and Johnny Weissmuller and is considered the greatest swimmer ever. Phelps swims several strokes, including butterfly and freestyle, but his best events are the individual medleys. At the 2004 Olympic Games, Michael Phelps became only the second athlete, after Aleksandr Dityatin (URS-GYM-1980) to win eight medals at a single Olympics, and he repeatd this in 2008 at Beijing. Phelps had attempted to win gold medals in eight swimming events in 2004, to better Mark Spitz's performance at München. Phelps did not manage that but did win six gold medals (four individual) and two bronze medals. He followed this with a dominating performance at the 2005 World Championships at which he won five gold medals and a silver medal. He had also won five World Championship gold medals at the 2003 meet.

Phelps not only did not stop competing but pushed his records even further. At the 2007 World Championships he entered eight events and won seven gold medals, losing out on the eighth in the 4×100 medley relay, when the USA was disqualified in an early round heat in which he had sat out. He seemed poised to challenge Spitz's 1972 mark of seven gold medals. At Beijing Phelps again entered eight events and this time he came thru with a victory in all eight, becoming the first Olympian to win eight gold medals at one Olympic Games.

After Beijing, Phelps took some time off and did not train as hard for a time, but he still won five gold medals and six medals at the 2009 World Championships. He won another five golds at the 2010 Pan-Pacs, and in 2011, won four gold medals and seven medals at the Worlds, setting him up for the 2012 Olympics, and giving him a total of 33 medals and 26 gold medals at the World Championships.

At London in 2012, Phelps cemented his title as the world's greatest swimmer and, to many people, as the world's greatest Olympian. He won four more gold medals and six medals, but actually failed to medal in one event in 2012, placing fourth in the 400 IM. His six medals in 2012 left him with absolute Olympic records of 22 medals and 18 gold medals. Phelps then announced his retirement, although in 2013 he has hedged that a bit, and suggested he may return to the pool for further competition.

Results

Games Age City Sport Event Team NOC Rank Medal
2000 Summer 15 Sydney Swimming Men's 200 metres Butterfly United States USA 5
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming Men's 200 metres Freestyle United States USA 3 Bronze
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming Men's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay United States USA 3 Bronze
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming Men's 4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay United States USA 1 Gold
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming Men's 100 metres Butterfly United States USA 1 Gold OR
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming Men's 200 metres Butterfly United States USA 1 Gold OR
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming Men's 200 metres Individual Medley United States USA 1 Gold OR
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming Men's 400 metres Individual Medley United States USA 1 Gold WR
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming Men's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay United States USA 1 Gold
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming Men's 200 metres Freestyle United States USA 1 Gold WR
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming Men's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay United States USA 1 Gold WR
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming Men's 4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay United States USA 1 Gold WR
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming Men's 100 metres Butterfly United States USA 1 Gold OR
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming Men's 200 metres Butterfly United States USA 1 Gold WR
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming Men's 200 metres Individual Medley United States USA 1 Gold WR
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming Men's 400 metres Individual Medley United States USA 1 Gold WR
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming Men's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay United States USA 1 Gold WR
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming Men's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay United States USA 2 Silver
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming Men's 4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay United States USA 1 Gold
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming Men's 100 metres Butterfly United States USA 1 Gold
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming Men's 200 metres Butterfly United States USA 2 Silver
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming Men's 200 metres Individual Medley United States USA 1 Gold
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming Men's 400 metres Individual Medley United States USA 4
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming Men's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay United States USA 1 Gold

Men's 200 metres Freestyle

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T RT L
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Final 3 1:45.32
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat Two 2 QU 1:47.08
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Round One Heat Six 1 QU 1:48.43
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Final 1 WR 1:42.96 0.73 6
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat Two 3 QU 1:46.28 0.74 5
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Round One Heat Eight 2 QU 1:46.48 0.73 4

Men's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank T IST CTAS RT L 5dT ET ER
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States USA Final 3 3:14.62 48.74 1:38.79
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States USA Final 1 WR 3:08.24 47.51 47.51 0.75 4
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States USA Final 2 47.15 0.19 22.63 1:35.04 1

Men's 4 × 200 metres Freestyle Relay

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank T IST CTAS RT L 5dT 1cT 1.5cT ET ER
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States USA Final 1 7:07.33 1:46.49 1:46.49
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States USA Final 1 WR 6:58.56 1:43.31 1:43.31 0.72 4
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States USA Final 1 1:44.05 0.33 24.28 50.84 1:17.85 6:59.70 1

Men's 100 metres Butterfly

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T RT L 5dT 5dR 5d-1cT
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Final 1 OR 51.25
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat Two 1 QU/OR 51.61
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Round One Heat Seven 1 QU 52.35
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Final 1 OR 50.58 0.71 5
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat One 1 QU 50.97 0.72 4
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Round One Heat Nine 2 QU 50.87 0.70 4
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Final 1 51.21 0.73 24.35 7 26.86
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat One 1 Q 50.86 0.71 24.20 =3 26.66
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Round One Heat Six 1 Q 51.72 0.70 24.58 8 27.14

Men's 200 metres Butterfly

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T RT L 5dT 5dR 1cT 1cR 1.5cT 1.5cR 5d-1cT 1-1.5cT 1.5-2cT
2000 Summer 15 Sydney Swimming United States Final 5 1:56.50
2000 Summer 15 Sydney Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat Two 3 QU 1:57.00
2000 Summer 15 Sydney Swimming United States Round One Heat Five 1 QU 1:57.30
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Final 1 OR 1:54.04
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat One 2 QU 1:55.65
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Round One Heat Five 1 QU 1:57.36
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Final 1 WR 1:52.03 0.74 4
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat Two 1 QU/=OR 1:53.70 0.72 4
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Round One Heat Six 1 QU/OR 1:53.70 0.75 4
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Final 2 1:53.01 0.69 25.18 1 53.70 1 1:23.18 1 28.52 29.48 29.83
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat Two 1 Q 1:54.53 0.70 25.74 3 55.08 3 1:25.04 4 29.34 29.96 29.49
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Round One Heat Five 3 Q 1:55.53 0.67 25.50 1 54.80 1 1:25.12 2 29.30 30.32 30.41

Men's 200 metres Individual Medley

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T RT L 5dT 5dR 1cT 1cR 1.5cT 1.5cR 5d-1cT 1-1.5cT 1.5-2cT
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Final 1 OR 1:57.14
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat One 1 QU/OR 1:58.52
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Round One Heat Seven 1 QU 2:00.01
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Final 1 WR 1:54.23 0.70 5
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat One 1 QU 1:57.70 0.74 3
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Round One Heat Six 1 QU 1:58.65 0.75 4
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Final 1 1:54.27 0.68 24.63 1 53.26 1 1:26.59 1 28.63 33.33 27.68
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Semi-Finals Heat One 2 Q 1:57.11 0.72 25.12 1 54.46 1 1:28.31 2 29.34 33.85 28.80
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Round One Heat Four 2 Q 1:58.24 0.74 25.82 5 55.30 1 1:29.97 3 29.48 34.67 28.27

Men's 400 metres Individual Medley

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T RT L 5dT 5dR 1cT 1cR 1.5cT 1.5cR 2cT 2cR 2.5cT 2.5cR 3cT 3cR 3.5cT 3.5cR 5d-1cT 1-1.5cT 1.5-2cT 2-2.5cT 2.5-3cT 3-3.5cT 3.5-4cT
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Final 1 WR 4:08.26
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States Round One Heat Five 1 QU 4:13.29
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Final 1 WR 4:03.84 0.74 4
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States Round One Heat Four 1 QU/OR 4:07.82 0.75 4
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Final 4 4:09.28 0.71 25.68 3 55.35 2 1:27.49 2 1:59.41 3 2:34.48 3 3:10.96 4 3:40.84 4 29.67 32.14 31.92 35.07 36.48 29.88 28.44
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States Round One Heat Four 1 Q 4:13.33 0.74 25.88 1 54.89 1 1:26.98 1 1:59.20 1 2:35.45 2 3:12.60 2 3:43.49 2 29.01 32.09 32.22 36.25 37.15 30.89 29.84

Men's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank T IST CTAS RT L 5dT ET ER
2004 Summer 19 Athina Swimming United States USA Round One Heat Two 1 QU 3:35.10 52.43 2:46.97
2008 Summer 23 Beijing Swimming United States USA Final 1 WR 3:29.34 50.15 2:42.58 0.25 4
2012 Summer 27 London Swimming United States USA Final 1 50.73 0.36 23.83 2:42.50 1