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Jesse Owens

Full name: James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens
Nickname(s): The Buckeye Bullet
Gender: Male
Height: 5-10 (178 cm)
Weight: 157 lbs (71 kg)
Born: September 12, 1913 in Danville, Alabama, United States
Died: March 31, 1980 in Tucson, Arizona, United States
Affiliations: Ohio State Buckeyes, Columbus (USA)
Country: USA United States
Sport: Athletics

Medals: 4 Gold (4 Total)

Biography

By any definition, Jesse Owens was one of the greatest athletes of all time. Many outstanding sportsmen have been given that sobriquet, but Owens was one of the very few deserving of the title. Two feats in particular ensured his place among sports immortals. At Ann Arbor, Michigan, on 25 May 1935, he set five world records and equalled another within the space of one hour. The occasion was the Big Ten Championships and Owens started with a record-equalling 9.4 in the 100 y. Ten minutes later he took his only trial in the long jump and set a world record of 26-8¼ (8.13), which would remain unbeaten for 25 years. After another 10-minute break, Owens ran 20.3 for 220 yards on the straight. Fifteen minutes later, he clocked 22.6 for the 220 y hurdles, again on the straightaway. Because the times for both the 220 y flat race and hurdles bettered the existing records for the marginally shorter 200 m distances, Owens was also credited with the metric world records. Owens' second great triumph came at the Berlin Olympics the following year, when he won four gold medals and set a world record of 20.7 for 200 m around a turn and contributed to a second world record in the 4×100 m relay. At Berlin he was the leader of what the Germans termed "America's Black Auxiliaries" and his dominance made a mockery of Hitler’s theories of Aryan supremacy. Jesse Owens was the second youngest of the 11 children of an impoverished Alabama sharecropper; when he was nine, the family moved to Cleveland. Owens first showed his outstanding sporting talent at East Tech High School in Cleveland and then attended Ohio State. In addition to his above triumphs, he won several AAU and NCAA championships while a student at Ohio State. Shortly after the Berlin Olympics, Owens turned professional at the age of 23 and experienced many years of financial hardship and racial discrimination. Eventually his public relations firm prospered and his last years were spent as a successful businessman. He became a member of the USOC, was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1976, and was a dedicated and much sought-after speaker for the causes of Olympism and racial harmony. With Joe Louis, Jesse Owens was one of the first athletes in the United States to see his popularity cross racial lines.

Personal Bests: 100 – 10.2 (1936); 200 – 20.7 (1936); LJ – 8.13 (1935).

Results

Games Age City Sport Event Team NOC Rank Medal
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics Men's 100 metres United States USA 1 Gold
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics Men's 200 metres United States USA 1 Gold WR
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics Men's 4 × 100 metres Relay United States USA 1 Gold WR
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics Men's Long Jump United States USA 1 Gold OR

Men's 100 metres

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T(H) L
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Final 1 10.3w 1
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Semi-Finals Heat One 1 QU 10.4
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Quarter-Finals Heat Two 1 QU 10.2w
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Round One Heat Twelve 1 QU/=OR 10.3

Men's 200 metres

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T(H) L T(A)
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Final 1 WR 20.7 3
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Semi-Finals Heat Two 1 QU 21.3 21,40
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Quarter-Finals Heat Three 1 QU 21.1w
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Round One Heat Three 1 QU/OR 21.1

Men's 4 × 100 metres Relay

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank T(H) L
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States USA Final 1 WR 39.8 4
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States USA Round One Heat One 1 QU/=WR 40.0

Men's Long Jump

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank D
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Final Round 1 OR 8.06w
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Final Round Round One 1 7.74w
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Final Round Round Two 1 7.87w
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Final Round Round Three 1 7.75w
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Final Round Round Four 1 foul
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Final Round Round Five 1 7.94w
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Final Round Round Six NP 8.06w
1936 Summer 22 Berlin Athletics United States Qualifying Round NP QU 7.64
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