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Vladimir Melanin

Full name: Vladimir Mikhaylovich Melanin
Original name: Владимир Михайлович Меланьин
Gender: Male
Height: 5-7.5 (172 cm)
Weight: 163 lbs (74 kg)
Born: December 1, 1933 in Balyki, Kirov, Russia
Died: August 10, 1994 in Kirov, Kirov, Russia
Affiliations: VS Kirov, Kirov (RUS)
Country: URS Soviet Union
Sport: Biathlon

Medals: 1 Gold (1 Total)

Biography

Vladimir Melanin was the first Soviet biathlete to win an Olympic and World Championships. He started his sporting career as a cross-country skier, but switched to biathlon while serving in the Soviet Army. As a mediocre shooter, he won most of his titles thanks to strong skiing. Melanin made his international début at the 1959 World Championships, where he won gold medals in the 20 km and relay. At the 1960 Olympics, Melanin had one of the best skiing times, but managed only fourth place because of poor shooting. Melanin missed the 1961 World Championships, but again won both the 20 km and relay at the 1962 and 1963 World Championships. At the 1964 Olympics, Melanin had a very strong skiing time, but this time he surprised everyone with clean shooting rounds to win a gold medal, nearly 3½ minutes ahead of his teammate, Aleksandr Privalov. This is still the largest victory margin in any Olympic biathlon event. Melanin made his last international appearance at the 1965 World championships, where he won a silver as a member of the Soviet relay team and was seventh in 20 km. Domestically Melanin won only two Soviet titles, in 1959 and 1966, both in the 20 km race. After his competitive career Melanin worked as a biathlon coach and managed a cross-country skiing and biathlon complex in his native Kirov Oblast. After his death in 1995 Vladimir Melanin received posthumously the International Biathlon Union Honorary Award.

Results

Games Age City Sport Event Team NOC Rank Medal
1960 Winter 26 Squaw Valley Biathlon Men's 20 kilometres Soviet Union URS 4
1964 Winter 30 Innsbruck Biathlon Men's 20 kilometres Soviet Union URS 1 Gold

Men's 20 kilometres

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank AT M ST SR S1M S1T S1R S2M S2T S2R S3M S3T S3R S4M S4T S4R
1960 Winter 26 Squaw Valley Biathlon Soviet Union Final Standings 4 1-35:42.4 4 1-27:42.4 3 1 27:25 10 1 42:25 7 2 1-02:44 9 0 1-16:23 4
1964 Winter 30 Innsbruck Biathlon Soviet Union Final Standings 1 1-20:26.8 0 1-20:26.8 3 0 24:03 3 0 41:38 1 0 46:43 1 0 1-07:17 1
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