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Roland Matthes

Full name: Roland Matthes
Gender: Male
Height: 6-2 (189 cm)
Weight: 163 lbs (74 kg)
Born: November 17, 1950 in Pößneck, Thüringen, Germany
Affiliations: SC Turbine Erfurt, Erfurt (GER)
Country: GDR East Germany
Sport: Swimming

Related Olympians: Husband (divorced) of Kornelia Ender.

Medals: 4 Gold, 2 Silver, 2 Bronze (8 Total)

Biography

East German Roland Matthes won the 100 and 200 metre backstrokes at both the 1968 and 1972 Games, making him the most successful of all Olympic backstroke swimmers. He also won two silver and one bronze medals in the relays and added his eighth Olympic medal (a bronze) in the 1976 100 metre backstroke. He set 16 world backstroke records (seven at 100 metres and nine at 200 metres), but was also a world class performer in other events, winning silver medals at the European Championships in the freestyle and butterfly and setting three European butterfly records. Matthes was undefeated from 1967 to 1974 in the backstroke, when he was defeated by American John Naber, who succeeded him as Olympic backstroke champion in 1976. Matthes also won the backstroke double at the 1970 and 1974 European Championships and the 1973 World Championships, and won 15 individual national titles in various events. He was briefly married to East German Olympic swimmer Kornelia Ender.

Results

Games Age City Sport Event Team NOC Rank Medal
1968 Summer 17 Ciudad de México Swimming Men's 100 metres Backstroke East Germany GDR 1 Gold OR
1968 Summer 17 Ciudad de México Swimming Men's 200 metres Backstroke East Germany GDR 1 Gold OR
1968 Summer 17 Ciudad de México Swimming Men's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay East Germany GDR 2 Silver
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming Men's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay East Germany GDR 3 Bronze
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming Men's 100 metres Backstroke East Germany GDR 1 Gold OR
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming Men's 200 metres Backstroke East Germany GDR 1 Gold =WR
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming Men's 100 metres Butterfly East Germany GDR 4
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming Men's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay East Germany GDR 2 Silver
1976 Summer 25 Montréal Swimming Men's 100 metres Backstroke East Germany GDR 3 Bronze
1976 Summer 25 Montréal Swimming Men's 100 metres Butterfly East Germany GDR 5

Men's 4 × 100 metres Freestyle Relay

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank T IST CTAS
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany GDR Final 3 3:32.42 52.89 52.89

Men's 100 metres Backstroke

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T
1968 Summer 17 Ciudad de México Swimming East Germany Final 1 OR 58.7
1968 Summer 17 Ciudad de México Swimming East Germany Semi-Finals Heat Two 1 QU 1:01.3
1968 Summer 17 Ciudad de México Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Two 1 QU/OR 1:01.0
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany Final 1 OR 56.58
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany Semi-Finals Heat One 1 QU 58.44
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Six 1 QU 1:00.01
1976 Summer 25 Montréal Swimming East Germany Final 3 57.22
1976 Summer 25 Montréal Swimming East Germany Semi-Finals Heat One 1 QU 57.48
1976 Summer 25 Montréal Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Four 1 QU 57.98

Men's 200 metres Backstroke

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T
1968 Summer 17 Ciudad de México Swimming East Germany Final 1 OR 2:09.6
1968 Summer 17 Ciudad de México Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Three 1 QU 2:13.6
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany Final 1 =WR 2:02.82
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Five 1 QU/OR 2:06.62

Men's 100 metres Butterfly

Games Age City Sport Country Phase Unit Rank T
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany Final 4 55.87
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany Semi-Finals Heat One 1 QU 56.51
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Three 1 QU 57.16
1976 Summer 25 Montréal Swimming East Germany Final 5 55.11
1976 Summer 25 Montréal Swimming East Germany Semi-Finals Heat Two 3 QU 55.88
1976 Summer 25 Montréal Swimming East Germany Round One Heat Six 2 QU 56.41

Men's 4 × 100 metres Medley Relay

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank T IST CTAS
1968 Summer 17 Ciudad de México Swimming East Germany GDR Final 2 3:57.5 58.0 58.0/WR
1968 Summer 17 Ciudad de México Swimming East Germany GDR Round One Heat Two 2 QU 4:04.1 1:02.1 1:02.1
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany GDR Final 2 3:52.12 56.30/=WR 56.30
1972 Summer 21 München Swimming East Germany GDR Round One Heat Two 1 QU 3:55.23 58.08 58.08
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