Italian musician Renzo Massarani was of Jewish descent and was banned during the fascist dictatorship of Benito Mussolini, although he was considered representative of fascist policy. He had participated in the March on Roma in 1922, and his compositions were heard at all major artistic events, although much of his work was later destroyed.
During World War II, Massarani was forced to immigrate to Brazil. He then did all he could to insure that his works would never be played, forbade their reproduction and performance and made it extremely difficult to find them. His music was firmly linked to the Italian tradition, especially in piano repertoire and chamber songs.