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Helene Mayer

Full name: Helene Mayer (-Falkner von Sonnenburg)
Nickname(s): blonde He
Gender: Female
Height: 6-0 (183 cm)
Born: December 20, 1910 in Offenbach am Main, Hessen, Germany
Died: October 15, 1953 in Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Affiliations: FC Hermannia, Frankfurt am Main (GER)
Country: GER Germany
Sport: Fencing

Medals: 1 Gold, 1 Silver (2 Total)

Biography

Helene Mayer was the daughter of a doctor who learned to fence at the "Offenbacher Schule" of “Cavaliere” Arturo and his son Fritz Gazzera. She won her first German Championship in foil in 1924 when she was only 13, and by 1930, had been a six-time German Champion. In 1928 she won the Italian Championship, she was European Champion in 1929 and 1931, and won the World Foil Championships in 1929 and 1931. In 1933 her club excluded her because she was "half Jewish." Mayer left Germany at the time, because of their treatment of Jews, and settled in the United States, eventually winning the US foil title eight times (1934-35, 1937-39, 1941-42, and 1946), and in 1937 she added a third World Title. After international discussions began about boycotting the 1936 Olympics, Nazi Germany offered her a place on the 1936 Olympic Team as their token Jewish athlete, and she was the only German Jewish participant at the 1936 Berlin Games. During the 1936 Olympics Mayer wore the German uniform with the Swastika, and after her silver medal, gave the Nazi Salute (Hitlergruß) on the podium, which earned her severe criticism from the world press, one of her hardest detractors being the writer Thomas Mann, who had fled to Switzerland in protest of Nazi policies, and would later settle in the USA. In 1952 Helene Mayer returned to Germany, settled in München, married Baron Falkner von Sonnenburg, dying only one year later from breast cancer. In 1968, the German Post issued a stamp in memoriam, and in 1963 she was inducted in the US Fencing Hall of Fame.

Results

Games Age City Sport Event Team NOC Rank Medal
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Women's Foil, Individual Germany GER 1 Gold
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Women's Foil, Individual Germany GER 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Women's Foil, Individual Germany GER 2 Silver

Women's Foil, Individual

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank Date Result BW BL TG TR TD
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Final Pool 1 1928-08-01 7 0 35 9
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #1 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Freeman (GBR) 2 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #2 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Oelkers (GER) 1 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #3 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Sondheim (GER) 0 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #4 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Daniell (GBR) 2 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #5 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Addams (BEL) 0 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #6 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Danÿ (HUN) 3 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #7 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, de Boer (NED) 1 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool One 1 1928-08-01 6 1 34 15
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool One 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Freeman (GBR) 0 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool One 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Oelkers (GER) 3 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool One 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Daniell (GBR) 3 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool One 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Lloyd (USA) 1 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool One 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Prost (FRA) 2 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool One 1 1928-08-01 Mayer (GER) 5, Admiraal-Meijerink (NED) 1 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool One 2 1928-08-01 Tary (HUN) 5, Mayer (GER) 4 4
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool One 2 1928-07-31 5 1 28 18
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool One 1 1928-07-31 Mayer (GER) 5, Freeman (GBR) 4 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool One 1 1928-07-31 Mayer (GER) 5, Morgenthaler (SUI) 4 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool One 1 1928-07-31 Mayer (GER) 5, Addams (BEL) 4 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool One 1 1928-07-31 Mayer (GER) 5, Reuche (FRA) 0 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool One 1 1928-07-31 Mayer (GER) 5, Olsen (SWE) 1 5
1928 Summer 17 Amsterdam Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool One 2 1928-07-31 Lloyd (USA) 5, Mayer (GER) 3 3
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Final Pool 5 1932-08-04 5 4 38 27
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #4 2 1932-08-04 Müller-Preis (AUT) 5, Mayer (GER) 4 4
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #11 2 1932-08-04 Guinness Penn-Hughes (GBR) 5, Mayer (GER) 1 1
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #18 2 1932-08-04 Bogen-Bogáti (HUN) 5, Mayer (GER) 4 4
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #24 2 1932-08-04 Addams (BEL) 5, Mayer (GER) 4 4
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #30 1 1932-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, de Boer (NED) 1 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #31 1 1932-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Munck (DEN) 2 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #32 1 1932-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Olsen (DEN) 1 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #33 1 1932-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Lloyd (USA) 2 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #34 1 1932-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Butler (GBR) 1 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1932-08-02 7 0 35 6
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1932-08-02 Mayer (GER) 5, Guinness Penn-Hughes (GBR) 3 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1932-08-02 Mayer (GER) 5, Munck (DEN) 0 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1932-08-02 Mayer (GER) 5, Lloyd (USA) 0 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1932-08-02 Mayer (GER) 5, de Boer (NED) 2 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1932-08-02 Mayer (GER) 5, Danÿ (HUN) 1 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1932-08-02 Mayer (GER) 5, Guggolz (USA) 0 5
1932 Summer 21 Los Angeles Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1932-08-02 Mayer (GER) 5, Vidal (FRA) 0 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Final Pool 2 1936-08-05 5 2 33 19
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #1 2 1936-08-05 Elek-Schacherer (HUN) 5, Mayer (GER) 4 4
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #7 1 1936-08-05 Mayer (GER) 5, Haß (GER) 3 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #8 1 1936-08-05 Mayer (GER) 5, Lachmann (DEN) 2 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #9 1 1936-08-05 Mayer (GER) 5, Addams (BEL) 0 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #10 1 1936-08-05 Mayer (GER) 5, Vargha (HUN) 1 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #11 1 1936-08-05 Mayer (GER) 5, Grasser (AUT) 3 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Final Pool Bout #12 2 1936-08-05 Müller-Preis (AUT) 5, Mayer (GER) 4 4
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool Two 2 1936-08-04 4 1 21 11
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool Two 2 1936-08-04 Elek-Schacherer (HUN) 5, Mayer (GER) 1 1
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Grasser (AUT) 3 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Lachmann (DEN) 2 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Locke (USA) 0 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Semi-Finals Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Guinness Penn-Hughes (GBR) 1 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Quarter-Finals Pool Three 1 1936-08-04 4 0 20 2
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Quarter-Finals Pool Three 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Lloyd (USA) 1 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Quarter-Finals Pool Three 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Scrève (BEL) 0 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Quarter-Finals Pool Three 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Wenisch-Filz (AUT) 0 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Quarter-Finals Pool Three 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, von Puttkammer (BRA) 1 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 6 0 30 6
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Bogen-Bogáti (HUN) 2 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Kristian (YUG) 1 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, von Puttkammer (BRA) 0 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Granquist (SWE) 2 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Arbuthnott (GBR) 1 5
1936 Summer 25 Berlin Fencing Germany GER Round One Pool Two 1 1936-08-04 Mayer (GER) 5, Archibald (CAN) 0 5
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