German sculptor Georg Kolbe studied in Dresden and München, and then went to Paris and Roma, settling in Berlin in 1904. He became a member of the Berlin Secession In 1905, and was made a Board Member in 1911. Even before World War I Kolbe was one of the best German sculptors. After the war, his sculptures became more and more influenced by expressionism. Even before 1933 he was warned about the Nazis, although they considered some of his sculptures as paradigms of an Aryan man. Some of his works were removed, others remained, yet he still received further orders. In 1934, Kolbe signed the “Call of Cultural Workers” in favor of Adolf Hitler and regularly attended the Great German art exhibition at the Deutsches Haus in München. He also created two statues for the Reich Sports Field for the 1936 Berlin Olympics.
However, Kolbe was not ready to tackle the monumentalism Hitler proposed, as Arno Breker did. However, in 1944 Hitler placed him on the list of the 12 most important German visual artists, although he never adopted Nazi politics. Overall, Kolbe created over 1,000 sculptures. In Berlin, a museum was installed in 1950 in his house and atelier with some of his sculptures exhibited in the garden, in what was the first museum founded in Berlin after World War II. In 2013-14 an exhibition by one of his closest friends, Renée Sintenis, was held in this museum.