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Kim Yong-Sik

Full name: Kim Yong-Sik
Original name: 김 용식
Other name(s): Yoshoku Kin, 金 容植
Gender: Male
Height: 5'8" (172 cm)
Born: July 25, 1910 in Sinchon, Hwanghaenam, North Korea
Died: March 8, 1985 in Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
Affiliations: Keijo Imperial University, Seoul (KOR)
Country: JPN Japan, KOR South Korea
Sport: Football

Biography

The son of a church minister, Kim Yong-Sik began playing football at the age of seven. He later attended Kyungshin High School and eventually graduated from Boseong Technical School in 1937. In 1927 he started playing regularly for the Kyungshin school team, reaching the final of the Pyeongyang section of the All Joseon Football Championship. In 1933 he joined the newly formed Kyungsung FC, winning the Japanese Emperor's Cup tournament in Tokyo in 1935, the only time that a club from outside Japan achieved this feat. The dynamic halfback was included in the Japanese football team for the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin as the only Korean, under the Japanized name of Yoshoku Kin, and helped Japan upset Sweden in the “miracle of Berlin,” in which Japan came back to win in the second half from two goals down.

Beginning in 1937 Kim attended Waseda University in Japan and joined their football team. He only spent one semester at Waseda before returning to his home country of Korea to work as a reporter for the Dong-a Ilbo newspaper. He had to stop playing football but, in 1938, joined the former Boseong All-Stars, made up of the school’s former and present students. In the same year they won the Korean section of the All Japanese Football Championships, but ultimately lost the final against his former team from Waseda University.

In 1940 Kim joined Pyeongyang FC as a player-coach accompanied by a number of other Boseong All-Stars team members and played his last international game for Japan. From 1942-45 all regular sporting competitions ceased due to the War. When Korea was liberated from Japanese occupation, Kim rejoined the Boseong All-Stars. One year later he returned to his re-established former club Kyungsung FC, now called Seoul Football Club.

A South Korean squad was sent to compete at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, and Kim was selected to represent his country in both of Korea's matches. He became player-coach of the Joseon Industries team immediately after the Olympics and remained until the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950. During the war he was a member of several military teams. Kim's retirement from his active career in 1952 was marked by a special friendly match between the national team and a University selection with Kim as a guest player. He was selected to lead South Korea’s team during their first participation in the FIFA World Cup final in 1954. He was also on the coaching staff when Korea succeeded in the 1960 AFC Asian Cup. Domestically he acted for short periods as manager of Yangzee FC, Trust Bank and Hallelujah. He also held various positions in FIFA, the Korean Football Association and became Korea's first international referee. He was posthumously awarded into the South Korea Order of Sport Merit (Fierce Tiger Medal) in 1985 and was one of the original inductees to South Korea's Football Hall of Fame. Kim was deemed the father of Korean football after World War II.

Results

Games Age City Sport Event Team NOC Rank Medal
1936 Summer 26 Berlin Football Men's Football Japan JPN 5T
1948 Summer 38 London Football Men's Football South Korea KOR 5T

Men's Football

Games Age City Sport Team NOC Phase Unit Rank Date Result G YC RC
1936 Summer 26 Berlin Football Japan JPN Final Standings 5T 1936-08-03 0 0 0
1936 Summer 26 Berlin Football Japan JPN Quarter-Finals Match #1 2 1936-08-07 ITA 8, JPN 0 0
1936 Summer 26 Berlin Football Japan JPN Round One Match #3 1 1936-08-04 JPN 3, SWE 2 0
1948 Summer 38 London Football South Korea KOR Final Standings 5T 1948-07-26 0 0 0
1948 Summer 38 London Football South Korea KOR Quarter-Finals Match #1 2 1948-08-05 SWE 12, KOR 0 0
1948 Summer 38 London Football South Korea KOR Round One Match #6 1 1948-08-02 KOR 5, MEX 3 0